IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish , from Proto-Celtic *līwos. Cognate with Welsh lliw.

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

 f (genitive singular , nominative plural líocha)

  1. color, complexion
  2. lustre, sheen
    gréine ar an ngaineamhsun's brightness on the sand
  3. coloring-matter, pigment
  4. pigmentation
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

 f (genitive singular )

  1. verbal noun of ligh
  2. licking
  3. fawning

VerbEdit

  1. present subjunctive analytic of ligh

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

RomanizationEdit

(Zhuyin ㄌㄧˊ)

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MatagalpaEdit

NounEdit

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“you”).
(This character, , is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)
For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“plum; A surname​.”).
(This character, , is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *līwos.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 f

  1. beauty, luster, brilliance, glory
    • "Hail Brigit", from the Book of Leinster, published in Hail Brigit: an Old-Irish poem on the Hill of Alenn. ed. and trans. Kuno Meyer. Halle a.S., M. Niemeyer, 1912.
      Fodbae Feradaig, fó mind, [...] a brat líg, [...]
      The spoils of Feradach: a good diadem, [...], its shining robes...
  2. brightness, color
    • c. 800, Stowe Missal, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. 2, p. 250, lines 11-12
      Líi gréne fris·ben att, benith galar.
      The sun's brightness that heals the swelling, it will quell the disease.

InflectionEdit

This noun possessed a peculiar declension. In the singular and dual, it was generally indeclinable in form, but its singular forms triggered mutations. But in the plural, it rather obviously inflected like a feminine ā-stem with an etymologically superfluous -g- in the stem.

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative L, N L lígaH
Vocative L L lígaH
Accusative N L lígaH
Genitive H L lígN
Dative L lígaib lígaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

  • lígach (beautiful, lustrous)

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Irish:

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*liwo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 242

VietnameseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. common sense
    hợp lí
    sensible
    có lí
    sound
    vô lí
    nonsensical
  2. sound and fair reasoning
    có lí có tình
    just; fair and square

Derived termsEdit