English Edit

Etymology 1 Edit

From Middle English, from Latin, from Ancient Greek, from Aramaic אבא‎/ܐܒܐ(ʼabbāʼ, father); see abbot.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

abba (plural abbas)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch; a title given to Jewish scholars in the Talmudic period.[1]
    Coordinate term: amma
    • 2012, The Book of the Elders: Sayings of the Desert Fathers, →ISBN, page 135:
      The abba of the coenobion went to him and told him about the brother who had slipped up.

Etymology 2 Edit

Variant forms.

Noun Edit

abba (plural abbas)

  1. Alternative form of aba (Middle Eastern garment).
    • 1836, Thomas Hartwell Horne, Landscape Illustrations of the Bible:
      The rich turbans and flowing robes of the respectable merchants are finely contrasted with the rude sheepskin covering of the mountaineer, and the dark abba of the wandering Arab.
    • 1840, Nicholas Patrick Wiseman, The Dublin Review - Parts 1-2, page 420:
      Around their waist, instead of a shawl, they wear a girdle fastened with monstrous silver clasps which may be ornamented, according to the owner's taste, with jewels and in which they stick not only their Koordish dagger, but a pair of great brass or silver-knobbed pistols; from this, too, hang sundry powder-horns and shot-cases, cartridge-boxes, &c. ; and over all they cast a sort of cloak, or abba, of camel's hair, white or black, or striped white brown and black, clasped on the breast, and floating picturesquely behind.
    • 2014, Robert Richardson, Travels along the Mediterranean and Parts Adjacent, →ISBN, page 284:
      Conceiving that he had some solid reason for his refusal, which he could not with propriety disclose in presence of Omar Effendi, I did not urge him to accompany me; but laying aside my white burnous, which I had hitherto worn after the fashion of Cairo, put on a black abba of the Capo Verde which was brought me by as black a Hercules, of whom the interpreter remarked that there was only one person in Jerusalem, and that too a fellow-servant, who was piu diavolo che lui, more devil than he.

References Edit

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 1

Anagrams Edit

Afar Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Afroasiatic *ʔab-, from a nursery word. Cognates include Saho abba, Somali aabo and Hebrew אבא(’abā’).

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /abˈba/, [ʔʌbˈbʌ]
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Noun Edit

abbá m (plural abbobtí f or abboobí f)

  1. father
  2. chief
  3. director

Declension Edit

Declension of abbá
absolutive abbá
predicative abbá
subjective abbí
genitive abbí
vocative abbáw
Postpositioned forms
l-case abbál
k-case abbák
t-case abbát
h-case abbáh

Coordinate terms Edit

Derived terms Edit

References Edit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “abba”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Enid M. Parker (2006) English-Afar dictionary, Dunwoody Press, →ISBN, page vi
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 113

Afrikaans Edit

Etymology Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation Edit

Verb Edit

abba (present abba, present participle abbaende, past participle geabba)

  1. (transitive) to carry on one's back

Gallurese Edit

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

abba f (plural abbi)

  1. Alternative form of apa (bee)

References Edit

  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964) Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Gothic Edit

Romanization Edit

abba

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌱𐌰

Hungarian Edit

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
ed suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
case v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / -∅
az / -∅
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / -∅
azt / -∅
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

Etymology Edit

az (that) +‎ -ba (into). The z of the demonstrative pronoun assimilates with the -b of the suffix.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒbːɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Pronoun Edit

abba

  1. illative singular of az (pointing at the inside of an object that is farther away from the speaker)
    Antonym: (pointing at the inside of an object close to the speaker) ebbe
    Abba a dobozba rakd a ruhákat.Put the clothes into that box.

Usage notes Edit

This term may also be part of the split form of a verb prefixed with abba-, occurring when the main verb does not follow the prefix directly. It can be interpreted only with the related verb form, irrespective of its position in the sentence, e.g. meg tudták volna nézni (they could have seen it, from megnéz). For verbs with this prefix, see abba-; for an overview, Appendix:Hungarian verbal prefixes.

Italian Edit

Etymology Edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin abba, from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba), from Aramaic אבא‎/ܐܒܐ(ʼabbāʼ, father). Doublet of abate.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈab.ba/
  • Rhymes: -abba
  • Hyphenation: àb‧ba

Noun Edit

abba m (uncountable)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) abba

Related terms Edit

Further reading Edit

  • abba in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams Edit

Latin Edit

Etymology Edit

Unadapted borrowing from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba), from Aramaic אבא‎/ܐܒܐ(ʼabbāʼ, father), whence also Late Latin abbās.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

abba m (indeclinable)

  1. father
    Synonym: pater
  2. abbot

Descendants Edit

  • Italian: abba
  • Middle English: abba
  • Norwegian: abba
  • Old Frisian: abba

References Edit

  • abba”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abba in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • abba in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Marshallese Edit

Etymology Edit

Borrowed from Japanese はっぱ (発破, happa).

Pronunciation Edit

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [ɑppˠɑ], (enunciated) [ɑpˠ pˠɑ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /ɰæpˠpˠæɰ/
  • Bender phonemes: {habbah}

Noun Edit

abba (construct form abbain)

  1. (alienable) dynamite

Synonyms Edit

References Edit

Norwegian Bokmål Edit

Etymology Edit

From Latin abba (father), from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba, father, title of respect given to abbots), from Aramaic אבא(’abbā, father, teacher, ancestor, leader), from Proto-Semitic *ʔabw- (father), from Proto-Afroasiatic *ʔab-, ultimately an onomatopoeic nursery word. Doublet of abbed and abbé.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

abba

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Abba or Father (when speaking directly with God through prayer)
    • (Can we date this quote?), The Holy Bible: Mark 14,36:
      han sa: «Abba, Far! Alt er mulig for deg …»
      he said, "Abba, Father!" Everything is possible for you ... »
    • (Can we date this quote?), The Holy Bible: Rom 8,15:
      dere har fått Ånden som gir rett til å være Guds barn, den som gjør at vi roper: «Abba, Far!»
      you have received the Spirit who gives the right to be children of God, the one who causes us to cry out, 'Abba, Father!'
    • 1817, Hans Nielsen Hauge, Om Religiøse Følelser og deres Værd, page 9:
      [vårt hjerte] siger et Abba kjære fader
      [our heart] says an Abba dear father
    • 1830-1837, Henrik Wergeland, Samlede Skrifter II,3, page 336:
      ja det er sandt som kammerherren siger. Abba! fader!
      yes it is true as the chamberlain says. Abba! father!

References Edit

  • “abba” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • abba” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams Edit

Nyunga Edit

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Nyunga is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Interjection Edit

abba

  1. g'day

References Edit

Old Frisian Edit

Etymology Edit

Borrowed from Latin abba.

Noun Edit

abba m

  1. abbot

Inflection Edit

Declension of abba (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative abba abbaar, abbaa
genitive abbaes abbaa
dative abbae abbaum, abbaem
accusative abba abbaar, abbaa

Saho Edit

Etymology Edit

Cognates include Afar abbá and Somali aabo.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /äbˈbä/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Noun Edit

abba m (plural abbub m)

  1. father
  2. chief

Declension Edit

Declension of abba
absolutive abba
subjective abba
genitive abbat

References Edit

  • Moreno Vergari; Roberta Vergari (2007), “abba”, in A basic Saho-English-Italian Dictionary (revised version)

Sardinian Edit

Etymology Edit

From Latin aqua. Compare with the Campidanese àcua phonetic variation. Compare also with the Romanian apă.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

abba f (plural abbas)

  1. (Logudorese, Nuorese) water
    Synonym: (archaic) imbre
  2. (Logudorese, Nuorese) (by extension) rain
    Synonym: proja
  3. (Logudorese, in the plural) amniotic fluid, waters

Derived terms Edit

Logudorese
Nuorese

Related terms Edit

Logudorese
Nuorese

References Edit

  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “ábba”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Sassarese Edit

Pronunciation Edit

  • (Castelsardo, Sedini) IPA(key): /ˈabba/

Noun Edit

abba f (plural abbi)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of abi (bee)

References Edit

  • Mauro Maxia (2014), “ábba”, in Piccolo dizionario castellanese e sedinese[2], page 8