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See also: Dichten

Contents

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɪxtə(n)/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From dicht +‎ -en.

VerbEdit

dichten

  1. (transitive) to close
  2. (transitive) to stop up
InflectionEdit
Inflection of dichten (weak)
infinitive dichten
past singular dichtte
past participle gedicht
infinitive dichten
gerund dichten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (jij) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (u) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (gij) dicht dichtte
3rd person singular dicht dichtte
plural dichten dichtten
subjunctive sing.1 dichte dichtte
subjunctive plur.1 dichten dichtten
imperative sing. dicht
imperative plur.1 dicht
participles dichtend gedicht
1) Archaic.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch dichten, from Latin dictō.

VerbEdit

dichten

  1. (intransitive) to compose a poem
InflectionEdit
Inflection of dichten (weak)
infinitive dichten
past singular dichtte
past participle gedicht
infinitive dichten
gerund dichten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (jij) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (u) dicht dichtte
2nd person sing. (gij) dicht dichtte
3rd person singular dicht dichtte
plural dichten dichtten
subjunctive sing.1 dichte dichtte
subjunctive plur.1 dichten dichtten
imperative sing. dicht
imperative plur.1 dicht
participles dichtend gedicht
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

dichten

  1. Plural form of dicht

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɪçtən/, [ˈdɪçtən], [ˈdɪçtn̩]

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German tihten, from Old High German tihtōn, dihtōn. Probably an early borrowing from Latin dictare, although it has been suggested that a Germanic verb, possibly akin to Middle High German tīchen (to create, to put into practice), was merged with the Latin one. The consonantism (d-/t-) was very unstable in early modern German; the voiced onset, which is in line with Middle Low German dichten, has prevailed. Cognate with Dutch dichten, English dight.

VerbEdit

dichten (third-person singular simple present dichtet, past tense dichtete, past participle gedichtet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to compose (a text, almost always poetry)
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the adjective dicht.

VerbEdit

dichten (third-person singular simple present dichtet, past tense dichtete, past participle gedichtet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to caulk, seal (prevent leakage)
    Synonyms: abdichten, versiegeln
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

AdjectiveEdit

dichten

  1. inflected form of dicht

LuxembourgishEdit

VerbEdit

dichten (third-person singular present dicht, past participle gedicht, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. to compose poetry

ConjugationEdit

Regular
infinitive dichten
participle gedicht
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular dichten
2nd singular dichts dicht
3rd singular dicht
1st plural dichten
2nd plural dicht dicht
3rd plural dichten
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin dictō.

VerbEdit

dichten

  1. to dictate
  2. to write down, to arrange in writing

InflectionEdit

Weak
Infinitive dichten
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive dichten
In genitive dichtens
In dative dichtene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular dichte
2nd singular dichts, dichtes
3rd singular dicht, dichtet
1st plural dichten
2nd plural dicht, dichtet
3rd plural dichten
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular dichte
2nd singular dichts, dichtes
3rd singular dichte
1st plural dichten
2nd plural dicht, dichtet
3rd plural dichten
Imperative Present
Singular dicht, dichte
Plural dicht, dichtet
Present Past
Participle dichtende

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • dichten (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dichten”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929