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See also: Kalia and Kaliʻa

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SwahiliEdit

VerbEdit

-kalia (infinitive kukalia)

  1. Applicative form of -kaa

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of -kalia
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kukalia kutokalia
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative kalia kalieni
Habitual hukalia
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikalia
nalikalia
tulikalia
twalikalia
ulikalia
walikalia
mlikalia
mwalikalia
alikalia walikalia ulikalia ilikalia lilikalia yalikalia kilikalia vilikalia ilikalia zilikalia ulikalia kulikalia palikalia mulikalia
Relative niliokalia
naliokalia
tuliokalia
twaliokalia
uliokalia
waliokalia
mliokalia
mwaliokalia
aliokalia waliokalia uliokalia iliokalia liliokalia yaliokalia kiliokalia viliokalia iliokalia ziliokalia uliokalia kuliokalia paliokalia muliokalia
Negative sikukalia hatukukalia hukukalia hamkukalia hakukalia hawakukalia haukukalia haikukalia halikukalia hayakukalia hakikukalia havikukalia haikukalia hazikukalia haukukalia hakukukalia hapakukalia hamukukalia
Present
Positive ninakalia
nakalia
tunakalia unakalia mnakalia anakalia wanakalia unakalia inakalia linakalia yanakalia kinakalia vinakalia inakalia zinakalia unakalia kunakalia panakalia munakalia
Relative ninaokalia
naokalia
tunaokalia unaokalia mnaokalia anaokalia wanaokalia unaokalia inaokalia linaokalia yanaokalia kinaokalia vinaokalia inaokalia zinaokalia unaokalia kunaokalia panaokalia munaokalia
Negative sikalii hatukalii hukalii hamkalii hakalii hawakalii haukalii haikalii halikalii hayakalii hakikalii havikalii haikalii hazikalii haukalii hakukalii hapakalii hamukalii
Future
Positive nitakalia tutakalia utakalia mtakalia atakalia watakalia utakalia itakalia litakalia yatakalia kitakalia vitakalia itakalia zitakalia utakalia kutakalia patakalia mutakalia
Relative nitakaokalia tutakaokalia utakaokalia mtakaokalia atakaokalia watakaokalia utakaokalia itakaokalia litakaokalia yatakaokalia kitakaokalia vitakaokalia itakaokalia zitakaokalia utakaokalia kutakaokalia patakaokalia mutakaokalia
Negative sitakalia hatutakalia hutakalia hamtakalia hatakalia hawatakalia hautakalia haitakalia halitakalia hayatakalia hakitakalia havitakalia haitakalia hazitakalia hautakalia hakutakalia hapatakalia hamutakalia
Subjunctive
Positive nikalie tukalie ukalie mkalie akalie wakalie ukalie ikalie likalie yakalie kikalie vikalie ikalie zikalie ukalie kukalie pakalie mukalie
Negative nisikalie tusikalie usikalie msikalie asikalie wasikalie usikalie isikalie lisikalie yasikalie kisikalie visikalie isikalie zisikalie usikalie kusikalie pasikalie musikalie
Present Conditional
Positive ningekalia tungekalia ungekalia mngekalia angekalia wangekalia ungekalia ingekalia lingekalia yangekalia kingekalia vingekalia ingekalia zingekalia ungekalia kungekalia pangekalia mungekalia
Negative nisingekalia
singekalia
tusingekalia
hatungekalia
usingekalia
hungekalia
msingekalia
hamngekalia
asingekalia
hangekalia
wasingekalia
hawangekalia
usingekalia
haungekalia
isingekalia
haingekalia
lisingekalia
halingekalia
yasingekalia
hayangekalia
kisingekalia
hakingekalia
visingekalia
havingekalia
isingekalia
haingekalia
zisingekalia
hazingekalia
usingekalia
haungekalia
kusingekalia
hakungekalia
pasingekalia
hapangekalia
musingekalia
hamungekalia
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikalia tungalikalia ungalikalia mngalikalia angalikalia wangalikalia ungalikalia ingalikalia lingalikalia yangalikalia kingalikalia vingalikalia ingalikalia zingalikalia ungalikalia kungalikalia pangalikalia mungalikalia
Negative nisingalikalia
singalikalia
tusingalikalia
hatungalikalia
usingalikalia
hungalikalia
msingalikalia
hamngalikalia
asingalikalia
hangalikalia
wasingalikalia
hawangalikalia
usingalikalia
haungalikalia
isingalikalia
haingalikalia
lisingalikalia
halingalikalia
yasingalikalia
hayangalikalia
kisingalikalia
hakingalikalia
visingalikalia
havingalikalia
isingalikalia
haingalikalia
zisingalikalia
hazingalikalia
usingalikalia
haungalikalia
kusingalikalia
hakungalikalia
pasingalikalia
hapangalikalia
musingalikalia
hamungalikalia
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikalia tungelikalia ungelikalia mngelikalia angelikalia wangelikalia ungelikalia ingelikalia lingelikalia yangelikalia kingelikalia vingelikalia ingelikalia zingelikalia ungelikalia kungelikalia pangelikalia mungelikalia
General Relative
Positive nikaliao tukaliao ukaliao mkaliao akaliao wakaliao ukaliao ikaliao likaliao yakaliao kikaliao vikaliao ikaliao zikaliao ukaliao kukaliao pakaliao mukaliao
Negative nisiokalia tusiokalia usiokalia msiokalia asiokalia wasiokalia usiokalia isiokalia lisiokalia yasiokalia kisiokalia visiokalia isiokalia zisiokalia usiokalia kusiokalia pasiokalia musiokalia
Gnomic
Positive nakalia twakalia wakalia mwakalia akalia wakalia wakalia yakalia lakalia yakalia chakalia vyakalia yakalia zakalia wakalia kwakalia pakalia mwakalia
Perfect
Positive nimekalia tumekalia umekalia mmekalia amekalia wamekalia umekalia imekalia limekalia yamekalia kimekalia vimekalia imekalia zimekalia umekalia kumekalia pamekalia mumekalia
"Already"
Positive nimeshakalia tumeshakalia umeshakalia mmeshakalia ameshakalia wameshakalia umeshakalia imeshakalia limeshakalia yameshakalia kimeshakalia vimeshakalia imeshakalia zimeshakalia umeshakalia kumeshakalia pameshakalia mumeshakalia
"Not yet"
Negative sijakalia hatujakalia hujakalia hamjakalia hajakalia hawajakalia haujakalia haijakalia halijakalia hayajakalia hakijakalia havijakalia haijakalia hazijakalia haujakalia hakujakalia hapajakalia hamujakalia
"If/When"
Positive nikikalia tukikalia ukikalia mkikalia akikalia wakikalia ukikalia ikikalia likikalia yakikalia kikikalia vikikalia ikikalia zikikalia ukikalia kukikalia pakikalia mukikalia
"If not"
Negative nisipokalia tusipokalia usipokalia msipokalia asipokalia wasipokalia usipokalia isipokalia lisipokalia yasipokalia kisipokalia visipokalia isipokalia zisipokalia usipokalia kusipokalia pasipokalia musipokalia
Consecutive
Positive nikakalia tukakalia ukakalia mkakalia akakalia wakakalia ukakalia ikakalia likakalia yakakalia kikakalia vikakalia ikakalia zikakalia ukakalia kukakalia pakakalia mukakalia
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.