See also: àquilo

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Perhaps from aquila (eagle) +‎ (name-forming suffix), personifying the cold north wind as a "fast, aggressive raptor".

Noun edit

aquilō m (genitive aquilōnis); third declension

  1. north wind, the wind god Boreas
    Synonyms: boreās, septentriō
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.309–311:
      “Quīn etiam hībernō mōlīris sīdere classem,
      et mediīs properās aquilōnibus īre per altum,
      crūdēlis?” [...].
      “What’s worse, you dare rig your fleet under wintry stars, and hasten to sail across the deep sea – amidst the north winds! [Isn’t this an act] of cruelty?”
      (Dido rebukes Aeneas.)
  2. the north
  3. (New Latin) kite

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aquilō aquilōnēs
Genitive aquilōnis aquilōnum
Dative aquilōnī aquilōnibus
Accusative aquilōnem aquilōnēs
Ablative aquilōne aquilōnibus
Vocative aquilō aquilōnēs

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “aquila”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 49

Further reading edit

  • aquilo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aquilo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aquilo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese aquilo, from Vulgar Latin *eccum illum, neuter singular of *eccum ille.

Pronunciation edit


  • Hyphenation: a‧qui‧lo
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

aquilo (indefinite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. that, that thing (demonstrative)
    Ou isto ou aquilo
    [It's] either this or that (there's no third option)
  2. (obsolete, literature, literary) that sentence; that word, that dictum

Usage notes edit

  • Mainly used to represent things yet to be introduced or explained (in contrast with aquele or aquela). Also used with objects rather than people.

See also edit

Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali, , acolá
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

References edit