See also: RDJ

EgyptianEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (reconstructed) IPA(key): /(ɾV)ˈcʼiːjit//(ɾV)ˈtʼiːjiʔ//(ɾə)ˈtʼiːʔəʔ//ˈtʼiːʔ/

VerbEdit

rdi

 anom.

  1. (transitive) to give
  2. (transitive) to put, to set, to place (+ ḥr: to assign to do; + m or + r: to appoint as)
    • c. 2000 BCE – 1900 BCE, Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor (pHermitage/pPetersburg 1115) lines 39–41:
      aHaa
      n
      A1r
      a
      kwA1riw
      N23 Z1
      i
      n
      wAAwmwnM14wrr
      N36
      ꜥḥꜥ.n.j rḏj.kw r jw jn wꜣw n(j) wꜣḏ-wr
      Then I was put on an island by a wave of the sea.
  3. (catenative, with a verb in the subjunctive) to cause, make, let, allow
    • c. 1900 BCE, The Instructions of Kagemni (pPrisse/pBN 183) lines 2.3–2.4:
      r
      a
      inTAt
      A1
      nistA2nAiif
      n
      X
      r
      dwA17AA1
      Z2
      mxt
      x t
      D54a
      r
      qarqA2fz
      x
      rY1r
      T
      A1 B1
      Z2
      bM17t
      W10
      bHA2sn
      Z2
      miiit
      D54
      HrZ1r
      f
      rdj.jn ṯꜣt(j) njs.t(w) nꜣy.f n(j) ẖrdw m ḫt ꜥrq.f sḫr r(m)ṯw bj(ꜣ)t.sn m jjt ḥr.f
      So the vizier let his children be summoned after he understood the conduct of people, their character being what had come upon him.

InflectionEdit

In Late Egyptian the masculine third-person singular of the stative is commonly written
D37
D37
.

Alternative formsEdit

By Middle Egyptian times, this verb had most likely become rdj, although sometimes written identically to its older form. By Late Egyptian it was likely dj.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Demotic: ty
    • Coptic: ϯ (ti)

ReferencesEdit

  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, 357 page 159, 357.
  • Hoch, James (1997) Middle Egyptian Grammar, Mississauga: Benben Publications, →ISBN, page 93–94
  • Junge, Friedrich (2005) Late Egyptian Grammar: An Introduction, second English edition, Oxford: Griffith Institute, page 82
  • Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1928) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, volume 2, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN, page 464–468