Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

EgyptianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *x̣al. Cognate with Proto-Semitic *ʿal-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Reconstructed Middle Egyptian) IPA(key): /ħar/[1]

NounEdit

 
 

 m

  1. face
  2. surface
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

 
 
  1. on, upon
  2. and, in addition to
  3. per, for each
  4. originating from
  5. because of
  6. (with following infinitive) forms the periphrastic imperfective of a verb
  7. (contracted from ḥr ḏd) saying; introduces a direct quotation
Usage notesEdit

Conjunction is usually expressed by directly juxtaposing two nouns, but occasionally ḥnꜥ or ḥr are used to link the nouns instead.

Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Formed from a stem ḥaru- + the Proto-Afro-Asiatic nominative case marker *-u; in Egyptian, Proto-Afro-Asiatic case markers were generally lost, but *-u became a glide -w instead when the stem ended in a vowel.[1] The stem is probably related either to the preposition ḥr (above), with the theonym thus meaning ‘the One Above’, or to the verb ḥrj (to be distant), with the theonym meaning ‘the Distant One’, or to both.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

 

 m

  1. Horus, the falcon-headed Egyptian god of the sky, war, and kingship

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, revised second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-74144-6, pages 88, 148, 179–182, 240
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-44384-9