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See also: ruĝa and rugă

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin ruga.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɹuːɡə/

NounEdit

ruga (plural rugae)

  1. (anatomy, biology) a crease or wrinkle
    • 1997, the deadly water-snakes coil’d together like the Rugæ of a single great Brain, the gray and even illumination from the Sky. — Thomas Pynchon, Mason & Dixon

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ruga, from Proto-Indo-European *krewp- (to become encrusted), extension of *krew- (scab).

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rughe)

  1. wrinkle, line

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


KikuyuEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ruga (infinitive kũruga)

  1. to cook

Derived termsEdit

(Nouns)

(Verbs)

(Proverbs)

ReferencesEdit

  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 363. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *krewp- (to become encrusted), extension of *krew- (scab), related to Sanskrit रूक्ष (rūkṣa).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rūga f (genitive rūgae); first declension

  1. crease (on the face), wrinkle

InflectionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūga rūgae
Genitive rūgae rūgārum
Dative rūgae rūgīs
Accusative rūgam rūgās
Ablative rūgā rūgīs
Vocative rūga rūgae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ruga in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ruga in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ruga in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ruga in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  1. ^ Shipley, The Origins of English Words: A Discursive Dictionary of Indo-European Roots

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ruga f

  1. (colloquial) scolding, slating (criticism)

DeclensionEdit

VerbEdit

ruga

  1. third-person singular present of rugać

Further readingEdit

  • ruga in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ruga. Doublet of rua (street).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rugas)

  1. wrinkle
  2. crease

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin rogāre, present active infinitive of rogō, from Proto-Indo-European *rog-, ablaut of *h₃reǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

a ruga (third-person singular present roagă, past participle rugat1st conj.

  1. to ask (for)
  2. to pray
  3. to beg, implore

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


SardinianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin eruca.

NounEdit

ruga f

  1. caterpillar

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

ruga

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of rugar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of rugar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of rugar.

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

ruga

  1. resin

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ruga
nominative sing. ruga
genitive sing. rugan
partitive sing. rugad
partitive plur. rugid
singular plural
nominative ruga rugad
accusative rugan rugad
genitive rugan rugiden
partitive rugad rugid
essive-instructive rugan rugin
translative rugaks rugikš
inessive rugas rugiš
elative rugaspäi rugišpäi
illative ? rugihe
adessive rugal rugil
ablative rugalpäi rugilpäi
allative rugale rugile
abessive rugata rugita
comitative ruganke rugidenke
prolative rugadme rugidme
approximative I ruganno rugidenno
approximative II rugannoks rugidennoks
egressive rugannopäi rugidennopäi
terminative I ? rugihesai
terminative II rugalesai rugilesai
terminative III rugassai
additive I ? rugihepäi
additive II rugalepäi rugilepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “смола”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika