See also: Ruga, rugá, rugă, rugą, ruĝa, and rũga

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin rūga (a crease in the face, wrinkle).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹuː.ɡə/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːɡə

NounEdit

ruga (plural rugae)

  1. (anatomy, zootomy, botany, usually in the plural) A fold, crease or wrinkle.
    • 1980, Joseph Kenneth Jonathan, The Isotima-complex (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) (page 83)
      Female: Face subpolished, weakly rugose, rugae somewhat diverging, at sides sparsely and shallowly punctate; []
    • 1997, Thomas Pynchon, Mason & Dixon:
      the deadly water-snakes coil’d together like the Rugæ of a single great Brain, the gray and even illumination from the Sky

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

 
Ruga (1).

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɾuɡʌ/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧ga

NounEdit

rúga m (plural rugaagí f)

  1. male calf
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • IPA(key): /ɾuˈɡʌ/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧ga

NounEdit

rugá f (plural rugaagí f)

  1. female calf
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985) An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN, page 183
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ruga, from Proto-Indo-European *krewp- (to become encrusted), extension of *krew- (scab).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rughe)

  1. wrinkle, line

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


KikuyuEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ruga (infinitive kũruga)

  1. to cook

Derived termsEdit

(Nouns)

(Verbs)

(Proverbs)

ReferencesEdit

  • Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 363. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *roug-ā-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁roug-h₂- (wrinkle), related to *h₁rewg- (to roar, belch), where the sense development would be "belch" → "be rugged" → "crease, wrinkle."[1] Compare ructo (I belch, bring up noisily).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rūga f (genitive rūgae); first declension

  1. (usually in the plural) a crease in the face, wrinkle
  2. (transferred sense) a crease, fold, plait, wrinkle, corrugation of any kind
    1. (sex) a female screw
  This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

InflectionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rūga rūgae
Genitive rūgae rūgārum
Dative rūgae rūgīs
Accusative rūgam rūgās
Ablative rūgā rūgīs
Vocative rūga rūgae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ruga in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ruga in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ruga in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ruga in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ruga”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 528-29

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈru.ɡa/
  • Hyphenation: ru‧ga
  • Rhymes: -uɡa

NounEdit

ruga f

  1. (colloquial) scolding, slating (criticism)

DeclensionEdit

VerbEdit

ruga

  1. third-person singular present of rugać

Further readingEdit

  • ruga in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ruga in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ruga. Doublet of rua (street).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rugas)

  1. wrinkle
  2. crease

Related termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Latin rogāre, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃roǵ-, ablaut of *h₃reǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

a ruga (third-person singular present roagă, past participle rugat1st conj.

  1. to ask (for)
  2. (reflexive) to pray
  3. to beg, implore

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


SardinianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin rūga.

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rugas)

  1. street

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin eruca.

NounEdit

ruga f (plural rugas)

  1. caterpillar

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

ruga

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of rugar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of rugar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of rugar.

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

ruga

  1. resin

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ruga
nominative sing. ruga
genitive sing. rugan
partitive sing. rugad
partitive plur. rugid
singular plural
nominative ruga rugad
accusative rugan rugad
genitive rugan rugiden
partitive rugad rugid
essive-instructive rugan rugin
translative rugaks rugikš
inessive rugas rugiš
elative rugaspäi rugišpäi
illative ? rugihe
adessive rugal rugil
ablative rugalpäi rugilpäi
allative rugale rugile
abessive rugata rugita
comitative ruganke rugidenke
prolative rugadme rugidme
approximative I ruganno rugidenno
approximative II rugannoks rugidennoks
egressive rugannopäi rugidennopäi
terminative I ? rugihesai
terminative II rugalesai rugilesai
terminative III rugassai
additive I ? rugihepäi
additive II rugalepäi rugilepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “смола”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika