FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sár n (genitive singular sárs, plural sár)

  1. wound

DeclensionEdit

Declension of sár
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative sár sárið sár sárini
accusative sár sárið sár sárini
dative sári sárinum sárum sárunum
genitive sárs sársins sára sáranna

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Oghur *šār (compare Chuvash шур (šur, swamp)), from Proto-Turkic *siāŕ (marsh, dirt). Compare also Bashkir һаҙ (hað, swamp, marsh), Kazakh саз (saz, mud).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃaːr]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːr
  • Hyphenation: sár

NounEdit

sár (plural sarak)

  1. mud (a mixture of water and soil or fine grained sediment)
  2. (figuratively, with a possessive suffix) sin, fault, wrong, culpability

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative sár sarak
accusative sarat sarakat
dative sárnak saraknak
instrumental sárral sarakkal
causal-final sárért sarakért
translative sárrá sarakká
terminative sárig sarakig
essive-formal sárként sarakként
essive-modal
inessive sárban sarakban
superessive sáron sarakon
adessive sárnál saraknál
illative sárba sarakba
sublative sárra sarakra
allative sárhoz sarakhoz
elative sárból sarakból
delative sárról sarakról
ablative sártól saraktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
sáré saraké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
sáréi sarakéi
Possessive forms of sár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. saram saraim
2nd person sing. sarad saraid
3rd person sing. sara sarai
1st person plural sarunk saraink
2nd person plural saratok saraitok
3rd person plural saruk saraik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

Further readingEdit

  • sár in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse sárr, from Proto-Germanic *sairaz.

AdjectiveEdit

sár (comparative sárari, superlative sárastur)

  1. painful, sore
    Á! Þetta er sárt!
    Ouch! This hurts!
  2. bitter, distressing
  3. hurt, offended, embittered
InflectionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą. Cognate with Swedish sår.

NounEdit

sár n (genitive singular sárs, nominative plural sár)

  1. a wound
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (wound): (poetic) und
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *saihaz.

NounEdit

sár m (genitive singular sás, nominative plural sáir)

  1. cask
DeclensionEdit

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a conflation of Old Irish sár m (chief, ruler) and English tsar, Russian царь (carʹ), from Old East Slavic цьсарь (cĭsarĭ), from a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *kaisaraz, from Latin Caesar. The Old Irish may be elliptical for some such compound like (modern) sárfhear

NounEdit

sár m (genitive singular sáir, nominative plural sáir)

  1. tsar
  2. (literary) overlord, ruler
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish sár m (outrage, insult, humiliation).

NounEdit

sár m (genitive singular sáir)

  1. (literary) violation, outrage; humiliation
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
sár shár
after an, tsár
not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit