See also: isté, işte, -iste, -ište, and -iště

Aragonese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin iste (that). Cognate to Spanish este (this).

Determiner edit

iste

  1. this

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From is (ice) +‎ te (tea).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

iste c (singular definite isteen, not used in plural form)

  1. iced tea

Further reading edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

Related to istuma. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun edit

iste (genitive istme, partitive istet)

  1. seat

Declension edit

Declension of iste (ÕS type 5/liige, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative iste istmed
accusative nom.
gen. istme
genitive istmete
partitive istet istmeid
illative istmesse istmetesse
istmeisse
inessive istmes istmetes
istmeis
elative istmest istmetest
istmeist
allative istmele istmetele
istmeile
adessive istmel istmetel
istmeil
ablative istmelt istmetelt
istmeilt
translative istmeks istmeteks
istmeiks
terminative istmeni istmeteni
essive istmena istmetena
abessive istmeta istmeteta
comitative istmega istmetega

Further reading edit

  • iste in Sõnaveeb (Eesti Keele Instituut)
  • iste”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language] (online version, in Estonian), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2009

Interlingua edit

Determiner edit

iste

  1. (demonstrative) this; these

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *esto, from Proto-Indo-European *só, with only the second part declining.

Cognate with Lepontic 𐌉𐌑𐌏𐌔 (iśos) and Albanian ashtu. See also tum, tam.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

iste (feminine ista, neuter istud); demonstrative pronoun (pronominal)

  1. (determiner) that (near you); those (in the plural)
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.702-703:
      [...] Et suprā caput adstitit: “Hunc ego Dītī
      sacrum iussa ferō, tēque istō corpore solvō.”
      And [Iris] placed herself just above [Dido’s] head: “Having been ordered [to do so], I am bringing this [lock of hair as] a sacred offering to Dis, and I release [your spirit] from that body [which was yours].”
      (See: Dis Pater.)
  2. (pronoun) that one (near you); that (thing); those ones (in the plural); those (things); he, she, it

Usage notes edit

  • This demonstrative determiner/pronoun is used to refer to a person or thing, or persons or things, near the listener. It contrasts with hic (this), which refers to people or things near the speaker, and ille (that), which refers to people or things far from both speaker and listener.
  • As Latin had no person pronouns specifically meaning "he", "she" or "it", any of ille, iste, hic or (most frequently) is could assume that function.
  • In Classical usage, iste frequently has a secondary, pejorative function of casting the referent in a negative light; for example, iste homō tends to mean "that (infamous/no good) man". This is opposite to ille, which is often used to cast the referent in a positive light. For example:
  1. "Iste," inquit, "sceleribus suis tollētur."
    "That man," he said, "will be taken away for his crimes."
  • For this reason, iste is often avoided in Classical usage as a neutral demonstrative. However, the pejorative function was missing or disappeared in Vulgar Latin, where iste was frequently used as a simple demonstrative and eventually came to replace hic in the meaning "this" (cf. Spanish este), sometimes strengthened with ecce (cf. French cet from Old French cist) or with eccum (cf. Italian questo).

Declension edit

Demonstrative pronoun (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative iste ista istud istī istae ista
Genitive istī̆us istōrum istārum istōrum
Dative istī istīs
Accusative istum istam istud istōs istās ista
Ablative istō istā istō istīs

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Romanian: ăst
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance

See also edit

References edit

Further reading edit

  • iste”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iste in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • men of that profession: qui ista profitentur

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology edit

From is +‎ te.

Noun edit

iste m (definite singular isteen, uncountable)

  1. iced tea

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From is +‎ te.

Noun edit

iste m (definite singular isteen, uncountable)

  1. iced tea

Serbo-Croatian edit

Adjective edit

iste

  1. inflection of isti:
    1. feminine genitive singular
    2. feminine nominative/accusative/vocative plural
    3. masculine accusative plural

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

is (ice) +‎ te (tea)

Noun edit

iste n

  1. iced tea

Declension edit

Declension of iste 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative iste isteet isteer isteerna
Genitive istes isteets isteers isteernas

References edit

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Noun edit

iste

  1. locative singular of is

Verb edit

iste

  1. second-person singular imperative of istemek