ChineseEdit

to exert; to strive power; force; strength
simp. and trad.
(努力)

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

努力

  1. to make an effort; to strive; to endeavor; to work hard
    不懈努力  ―  bùxiè nǔlì  ―  to persevere; perseverance
    共同努力  ―  gòngtóng nǔlì  ―  to work together
    好好努力博士讀完 [MSC, trad.]
    好好努力博士读完 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ huì hǎohǎo nǔlì bǎ wǒ de bóshì dúwán. [Pinyin]
    I will work hard to finish my doctorate.
    要是現在努力的話將來後悔 [MSC, trad.]
    要是现在努力的话将来后悔 [MSC, simp.]
    Yàoshì xiànzài bù nǔlì dehuà, jiānglái huì hòuhuǐ de. [Pinyin]
    If you don't work hard now, you'll regret it later on.

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

努力

  1. hard-working; diligent; industrious
    非常努力員工 [MSC, trad.]
    非常努力员工 [MSC, simp.]
    yī ge fēicháng nǔlì de yuángōng [Pinyin]
    a hardworking employee

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

努力

  1. diligently; hard (with a great deal of effort)
    非常努力工作  ―  fēicháng nǔlì de gōngzuò  ―  to work extremely hard

NounEdit

努力

  1. endeavor; ability; effort
    最大努力 / 最大努力  ―  jìn zuìdà de nǔlì  ―  to do all one can
    資質愚笨加倍努力獲致成功 [MSC, trad.]
    资质愚笨加倍努力获致成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Zīzhì yúbèn de rén yìng jiābèi nǔlì, fāng kě huòzhì chénggōng. [Pinyin]
    People who are naturally clumsy should redouble their efforts in order to achieve success.

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
りょく
Grade: 1
kan’on

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 努力 (MC nuoX lɨk̚, literally “to exert + strength”). Compare modern Cantonese reading nou5 lik6 or Min Nan ló͘-le̍k.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

努力(どりょく) (doryoku

  1. an effort, an endeavor

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

努力(どりょく)する (doryoku surusuru (stem 努力(どりょく) (doryoku shi), past 努力(どりょく)した (doryoku shita))

  1. to endeavor, to make an effort
    (かれ)試験(しけん)合格(ごうかく)するために努力(どりょく)した
    Kare wa shiken ni gōkaku suru tame ni doryoku shita.
    He worked hard to pass the exam.

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

努力 (noryeok) (hangeul 노력)

  1. Hanja form? of 노력 (an effort, an endeavor).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

努力

  1. Hán tự form of nỗ lực (great effort; endeavor).

VerbEdit

努力

  1. Hán tự form of nỗ lực (to strive; to endeavor).