See also: , , and
U+908A, 邊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-908A

[U+9089]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+908B]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 162, +15, 19 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹山尸 (YHUS), four-corner 36302, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1267, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1765, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3894, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+908A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
       

The oracle bone script form consisted of and . Note was the original form of (OC *blids), and and (OC *pqraŋʔ) were likely the phonetic components of the character.

The bronze inscription of (OC *mpeːn) consisted of , , and . (“to walk”) and (“side”) were likely the semantic components of the character, while (the original form of (OC *blids)) and (OC *pqraŋʔ) were the phonetic components.

The small seal script form was 𨘢, with the lower right component the result of corruption of .

Etymology 1Edit

Perhaps cognate with (OC *pʰen, *pʰens, “side; oblique”), (OC *pʰeːns, “partial; one-sided”), (OC *ben, *brenʔ, *benʔ, “glib-tongued; insincere”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • piⁿ - vernacular;
  • pian - literary.
Note:
  • biang1/biêng1 - literary (biêng1 - Chaozhou);
  • bin1 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pian⁵⁵/
    Harbin /pian⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /pian²¹/
    Jinan /piã²¹³/
    Qingdao /piã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /pian²⁴/
    Xi'an /piã²¹/
    Xining /piã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pian⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /piɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /pian⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /piɛn⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /pian⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pian⁵⁵/
    Kunming /piɛ̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /pien³¹/
    Hefei /piĩ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /pie¹¹/
    Pingyao /pie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /pie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /pi⁵³/
    Suzhou /piɪ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /piẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /pi³³/
    Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
    Tunxi /piɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /piẽ³³/
    Xiangtan /piẽ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /piɛn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /pien⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pien²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pin⁵³/
    Nanning /pin⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pin⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pian⁵⁵/
    /pĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pieŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /piŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /piaŋ³³/
    /pĩ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbin²³/
    /ʔbi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pen/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pen/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /pen/
    Wang
    Li
    /pien/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pien/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    biān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    biān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁe[n]/
    English side

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9056
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mpeːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. edge; border; side
      懸崖行走危險 [MSC, trad.]
      悬崖行走危险 [MSC, simp.]
      Zài xuányá biān xíngzǒu shì wēixiǎn de. [Pinyin]
      It is dangerous to walk near the edge of a cliff.
      手帕 [MSC, trad.]
      手帕 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā de shǒupà yǒu yī tiáo lán biān. [Pinyin]
      Her handkerchief has a blue border.
      冰涼泡沫 [MSC, trad.]
      冰凉泡沫 [MSC, simp.]
      Bīngliáng de shuǐ zài chuán biān fàn qǐ pàomò. [Pinyin]
      The icy cold water foamed over the side of the boat.
    2. border; boundary
    3. (geometry) side
    4. side (of a family, negotiation, etc.)
      老婆親戚 [Cantonese, trad.]
      老婆𠮶亲戚 [Cantonese, simp.]
      keoi5 lou5 po4 go2 bin1 ge3 can1 cik1 [Jyutping]
      relatives on his wife's side of the family
    5. Suffix for locality noun.
      /   ―  shàngbiān  ―  on the top, above
      /   ―  xiàbiān  ―  under, below
      /   ―  biān  ―  inside
    6. (used before each verb of simultaneous actions) while
      瀏覽雜誌 [MSC, trad.]
      浏览杂志 [MSC, simp.]
      biān děng biān liúlǎn jǐ běn zázhì. [Pinyin]
      I browsed through some magazines while I waited.
      喜歡音樂作業 [MSC, trad.]
      喜欢音乐作业 [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ xǐhuān biān tīng yīnyuè biān zuò zuòyè ma? [Pinyin]
      Do you listen to music while doing your homework?
    7. A surname​: Bian

    SynonymsEdit

    • (edge):

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (へん) (hen)
    • Korean: (, byeon)
    • Vietnamese: biên ()

    Others:

    • Vietnamese: ven (shore; bank; side)

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) where
    2. (Cantonese) which
    3. (Cantonese, rhetorical question) how
    SynonymsEdit
    • (where):
    • (which):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (ga byeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (edge).
    2. Hanja form? of (side).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (biên, ben, bên, ven)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.