Last modified on 15 January 2015, at 20:04

See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

余 余 余 余
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人一木 (OMD), four-corner 80904, composition)

  1. I, my, me
  2. a surname
  3. (as simplified form of ) surplus

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 99, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 515
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 128, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F59

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (余), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 以諸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨʌ/ /i̯wo/ /iɔ/ /jiɔ/ /jɨə̆/ /jĭo/ /iɔ/
Character (余), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 視遮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑia/ /ʑi̯a/ /ʑia/ /d͡ʑia/ /d͡ʑia/ /ʑĭa/ /d͡ʑia/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yo › /*la/ 1sg., prob. a polite form

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15798 0 /*la/ 說文舍省聲,甲文即象居舍初文

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Usage notesEdit

  • It is itself a traditional Chinese character.
  • is a derived form of 余, which was later simplified into

JapaneseEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -yo)

  1. over, more than

SynonymsEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeo) (hangeul , revised yeo, McCune-Reischauer yŏ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, dờ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit