See also: over-, över, över-, and øver

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Over on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Old English ofer, from Proto-Germanic *uber, from Proto-Indo-European *upér-, a comparative form of *upo; akin to Dutch over, German ober, über, Old High German ubir, ubar, Danish over, Swedish över, Icelandic yfir, Gothic 𐌿𐍆𐌰𐍂 (ufar), Latin super, Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér), Albanian epër (superior), Sanskrit उपरि (upari).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

over (comparative more over, superlative most over)

  1. Finished; ended or concluded.
    The show is over.

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

over (not comparable)

  1. Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.
    Let's talk over the project at tomorrow's meeting.
    Let me think that over.
    I'm going to look over our department's expenses.
    Let's go over scene 3 from the top.
  2. From an upright position to being horizontal.
    He tipped the bottle over, and the water came gushing out.
    That building just fell over!
    He bent over to touch his toes.
  3. Horizontally; left to right or right to left.
    Slide the toilet-paper dispenser's door over when one roll is empty in order to reveal the other.
    I moved over to make room for him to sit down.
  4. From one position or state to another.
    Please pass that over to me.
    He came over to our way of thinking on the new project.
    Come over and play!
    I'll bring over a pizza.
  5. Overnight (throughout the night).
    We stayed over at Grandma's.
    Can I sleep over?
  6. (US, usually with do) Again; another time; once more; over again.
    I lost my paper and I had to do the entire assignment over.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

over (plural overs)

  1. (cricket) A set of six legal balls bowled.
  2. Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.
    • 2008, G. Puttick, Sandy van Esch, The Principles and Practice of Auditing (page 609)
      ...standard cash count forms used to record the count and any overs or unders.

PrepositionEdit

over

  1. Physical positioning.
    1. On top of; above; higher than; further up.
      Hold the sign up over your head.   climb up the ladder and look over [the roof]
      • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882)
        Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning.
      • 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, American Scientist: 
        The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, [] . Scribes, illuminators, and scholars held such stones directly over manuscript pages as an aid in seeing what was being written, drawn, or read.
    2. Across or spanning.
      There is a bridge over the river.
      • Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
        Certain lakes [] poison birds which fly over them.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 3, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
        My hopes wa'n't disappointed. I never saw clams thicker than they was along them inshore flats. I filled my dreener in no time, and then it come to me that 'twouldn't be a bad idee to get a lot more, take 'em with me to Wellmouth, and peddle 'em out. Clams was fairly scarce over that side of the bay and ought to fetch a fair price.
      • 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3: 
        Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.
    3. In such a way as to cover.
      drape the fabric over the table;  there is a roof over the house
    4. From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.
      The dog jumped over the fence.
      I'll go over [the fence] first and then help you.
      Let's walk over the hill to get there.
  2. By comparison.
    1. More than; to a greater degree.
      I prefer the purple over the pink.
    2. Beyond; past; exceeding; too much or too far.
      I think I’m over my limit for calories for today.
    3. (in certain collocations) As compared to.
      Sales are down this quarter over last.
  3. (mathematics) Divided by.
    four over two equals two over one
  4. Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.
    We got over the engineering problems and the prototype works great.
    I am over my cold and feel great again.
    I know the referee made a bad call, but you have to get over it [your annoyance with the referee's decision].
    She is finally over [the distress of] losing her job.
    He is finally over his [distress over the loss of the relationship with his] ex-girlfriend.
  5. While using, especially while consuming.
    • 1990, Seymour Chatman, Coming to Terms, Cornell, ISBN 0801497361, page 100[1]:
      Six diners in business clothes—five attractive young women and a balding middle-aged man—relax over cigarettes.
    • 1998, Marian Swerdlow, Underground Woman, Temple, ISBN 1566396107, page 88 [2]:
      Sunday had been my favorite day at Woodlawn. A long W.A.A. [="work as assigned" period], having coffee and croissants with Mark over the Sunday Times.
    • 2009, Sara Pennypacker, The Great Egyptian Grave Robbery, Scholastic, ISBN 9780545207867, page 79:
      Over meatloaf and mashed potatoes (being careful not to talk with his mouth full), Stanley told about his adventure.
  6. Concerning or regarding.
    The two boys had a fight over whose girlfriend was the best.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8848: 
      It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
  7. Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding.
    We triumphed over difficulties.
    The bill was passed over the veto.
    It was a fine victory over their opponents.

Usage notesEdit

When used in the context of "from one location to another", over implies that the two places are at approximately the same height or the height difference is not relevant. For example, if two offices are on the same floor of a building, an office worker might say I'll bring that over for you, while if the offices were on different floors, the sentence would likely be I'll bring that up [down] for you. However, distances are not constrained, e.g. He came over from England last year and now lives in Los Angeles or I moved the stapler over to the other side of my desk.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

InterjectionEdit

over

  1. In radio communications: end of sentence, ready to receive reply.
    How do you receive? Over!

TranslationsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The semantic network for over", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *ovar, from Proto-Germanic *uber, from Proto-Indo-European *upér, from *upo. Compare German ober, English over.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

over

  1. over, above
  2. (postpositional) over (implying motion)
    Kijk uit, er steekt een hond de straat over.
    Look out, a dog is crossing over the street.
  3. remaining, left over
    Na het feest was er bijna geen eten meer over.
    After the party there was barely any food remaining.
  4. (in compounds) excessively, more than
  5. passing by, going away
    De pijn gaat weer over.
    The pain is going away again.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

over

  1. over
  2. about, concerning

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

over

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of ovō

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch over, from Proto-Germanic *uber.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ōver

  1. over, above
  2. across
  3. towards
  4. during
  5. ago, some duration in the past
  6. after, following (a duration)
  7. about, concerning
  8. due to, because of

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

ōver

  1. over
  2. across, on the other side
  3. plenty, more than enough
  4. used up, finished
  5. once again

DescendantsEdit


Middle Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon over, from Proto-Germanic *uber, Proto-Germanic *ubiri.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

over

  1. over, above
  2. across
  3. about, concerning

Usage notesEdit

It is not clear whether the umlaut was connected with semantic differences.

AntonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

over

  1. across, on the other side
  2. over (finished, ceased)

Usage notesEdit

It is not clear whether the umlaut was connected with semantic differences.

DescendantsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PrepositionEdit

over

  1. above
  2. past
  3. over; more than

AdverbEdit

over

  1. over
  2. across

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PrepositionEdit

over

  1. above
  2. past
  3. over; more than

AdverbEdit

over

  1. over
  2. across
Last modified on 19 April 2014, at 20:34