Last modified on 19 November 2014, at 19:17

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿日 (TA), four-corner 44601, composition)

  1. formerly
  2. ancient
  3. in the beginning

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 492, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13816
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1488, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6614

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (昔), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 思積切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇk̚/ /si̯ɛk̚/ /siɛk̚/ /siɛk̚/ /siajk̚/ /sĭɛk̚/ /siæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sjek › /*[s]Ak/ in the past

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13309 0 /*sjaːɡ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana むかし, romaji mukashi)

  1. the past, old times
    • 970-999: Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      むかし、式部大輔、左大弁かけて清原の王ありけり。
    昔と — past and the present
    昔の自分 — my past self
    昔からの友達 — a longtime friend ("a friend since old times")
    昔に戻る — to return to the past
  2. ancient
    昔の — ancient people
    もう昔のだ。— That's ancient history.

AdverbEdit

(hiragana むかし, romaji mukashi)

  1. once
    見た映画 — a movie I once saw

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seok, chak) (hangeul , , revised seok, chak, McCune-Reischauer sŏk, ch'ak, Yale sek, chak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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