Last modified on 20 July 2014, at 20:43

EnglishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old English is, from Proto-Germanic *isti, a form of Proto-Germanic *wesaną (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti (is). Cognate with West Frisian is (is), Dutch is (is), German ist (is), Old Swedish is (is). The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of four originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from *bʰuH- (to become). The forms is and am are derived from *h₁es- (to be) whereas the form are comes from *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active). Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as was and were are from *h₂wes- (to reside).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be
    He is a doctor. He retired some time ago.
    Should he do the task, it is vital that you follow him.
    It all depends on what the meaning of is is. - Bill Clinton
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) second-person present of be

QuotationsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

VerbEdit

is

  1. am, are, is (present tense, all persons, plural and singular of wees, to be)
  2. Forms the perfect passive voice when followed by a past participle

CatalanEdit

NounEdit

is

  1. plural form of i

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

is c (singular definite isen, plural indefinite is)

  1. (uncountable) ice, ice cream (water in frozen form, dessert)
  2. (countable) ice, ice cream (ice cream on a stick or in a wafer cone)

InflectionEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

is

  1. third-person singular present indicative of zijn; is, equals
    Twaalf min drie is negentwelve minus three equals nine

AdverbEdit

is

  1. (informal, dialect) Common misspelling of es.

AnagramsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

is

  1. Romanization of 𐌹𐍃

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate of és (and).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

is

  1. also, too, as well
    Én is szeretem a csokit. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other people)
    A csokit is szeretem. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other things)
  2. even
    Három óráig is tarthat a műtét (The operation may even take three hours.)
  3. (after an interrogative word) again (used in a question to ask something one has forgotten)
    Hogy is hívják? (What's that called, again?)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Expressions

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From agus.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

is

  1. reduced form of agus

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish is (is), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɪsˠ], [sˠ] (before nouns and adjectives)
  • IPA(key): [ʃ] (before pronouns é, í, ea, iad)

ParticleEdit

is

  1. Present/future realis copula form
    Is múinteoir é Dónall.
    Dónall is a teacher.
    (definition: predicate is indefinite)
    Is é Dónall an múinteoir.
    Dónall is the teacher.
    (identification: predicate is definite)
    Is féidir liom snámh.
    I can swim.
    (idiomatic noun predicate)
    Is maith liom tae.
    I like tea.
    (idiomatic adjective predicate)
    Is mise a chonnaic é.
    I'm the one who saw him
    (compare Hiberno-English "'Tis I who saw him"; cleft sentence)
    Is é Dónall atá ina mhúinteoir.
    It's Dónall who is a teacher.
    (cleft sentence)
  2. Used to introduce the comparative/superlative form of adjectives
    an buachaill is
    the bigger boy; the biggest boy
    Is mó an buachaill ná Séamas.
    The boy is bigger than James.
    Is é Séamas an buachaill is mó in Éirinn!
    James is the biggest boy in Ireland! (lit. "It is James (who is) the boy (who) is biggest in Ireland")
Usage notesEdit

Used in present and future sentences for identification or definition of a subject as the person/object identified in the predicate of the sentence. Sometimes used with noun or adjective predicates, especially in certain fixed idiomatic phrases. Used to introduce cleft sentences, which are extremely common in Irish. It is not a verb.

In comparative/superlative formations, is is strictly speaking the relative of the copula, hence an buachaill is mó literally means "the boy who is biggest", i.e. "the biggest boy". The thing compared is introduced by (than).

Related termsEdit

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inflected form of (go).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

īs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of eo

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Italic *is, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

is

  1. (demonstrative) it; he (refers to a masculine word), this, that
    Is mihi rescripsit.
    He wrote to me again.
DeclensionEdit

Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative is ea id , eae ea
genitive eius eius eius eōrum eārum eōrum
dative eīs, iīs eīs, iīs eīs, iīs
accusative eum eam id eōs eās ea
ablative eīs, iīs eīs, iīs eīs, iīs

See alsoEdit


NavajoEdit

InterjectionEdit

is

  1. oh: expressing surprise

Alternative formsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

NounEdit

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural iser, definite plural isene)

  1. (uncountable) ice
  2. (countable) ice cream

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

NounEdit

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural isar, definite plural isane)

  1. ice
  2. ice cream

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old Saxon īs (Low German Ies), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis). There are parallels in many Iranian languages, apparently from the same Indo-European root: Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬑𐬀 (aēxa-, frost, ice), Persian یخ (yakh), Pashto جح (jaḥ), Ossetian их (ix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

īs n

  1. ice
    • the Legend of St Andrew
      Ofer eastreamas is brycgade.
      The ice formed a bridge over the streams.
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: is

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-. Compare Old Saxon īs, Old English īs, Old Norse íss, Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis).

NounEdit

īs

  1. ice

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

The lemma is itself is from Proto-Indo-European *h₁esti; other forms are from either Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- or Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.

VerbEdit

is (copula)

  1. to be
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, Wb. 14d26
      Is i persin Crist da·gníu-sa sin.
      It is in the person of Christ that I do that.

ConjugationEdit

Form 1st sg. 2nd sg. 3rd sg. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl.
Present indicative am
(relative): nonda
at, it
(relative): nonda
is
(relative): as
ammi, ammin, immi
(relative): nondan
adib, idib, adi
(relative): nondad
it
(relative): ata, at
Present subjunctive ba ba, be ba
(relative): bes, bas
bede
(relative): bete, beta
Past subjunctive bid, bith
(relative): bed, bad
bemmis betis, bitis
Imperative ba bad, bed ban, baán bad, bed bat
Future be be bid, bith bemmi, bimmi bit
Conditional robad
(relative): bed
robtis
Preterite and
imperfect indicative
basa basa ba
(relative): ba
batir, batar
(relative): batar

Derived termsEdit

  • cesu (although... is)
  • condid (so that... is)
  • in (is... ?)
  • masu (if... is)
  • (is not)

SynonymsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *it.

PronounEdit

is (is)

  1. his, its
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

is

  1. third-person singular present indicative of wesan

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old English īs (English ice), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic 𐌴𐌹𐍃 (eis).

NounEdit

īs n

  1. ice
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Middle Low German: ies
    • Low German: Ies

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

is

  1. plural form of i
    • 2003, J. K. Rowling, Lya Wyler, Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix, Rocco, page 411:
      Se você pôs os pingos nos is e cortou os tês então pode fazer o que quiser!
      If you've dotted your I's and crossed your T's, then you can do whatever you want!

ScotsEdit

AdverbEdit

is (not comparable)

  1. (South Scots) as

SynonymsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

is

  1. (South Scots) as

SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

is personal, non-emphatic

  1. (South Scots) me

See alsoEdit

  • A
  • mei (emphatic variant)

VerbEdit

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be

See alsoEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

is

  1. and

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

is

  1. am, are, is

Usage notesEdit

  • This defective verb doesn't have the infinitive, future tense, subjunctive or conditional moods.
  • The dependent form, used after particles, is e.
  • Is is used when linking the subject of a sentence with an object ("somebody is somebody", "somebody is something", "something is something"), otherwise forms of the verb bi are used:
    Is mise Dòmhnall. - I am Donald.
    Tha mise ann an taigh-seinnse. - I am in a pub.

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

is c

  1. (uncountable) Ice; frozen water.
  2. (countable) Ice; a sheet of ice lying on a body of water.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English East.

NounEdit

is

  1. East

TurkishEdit

NounEdit

is (definite accusative isi, plural isler)

  1. fume

DeclensionEdit


VolapükEdit

AdverbEdit

is

  1. here