Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 11:23
See also: d'un, dūn, dún, dǔn, dùn, and dün

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English dun, dunne, from Old English dunn (dun, dingy brown, bark-colored, brownish black), from Proto-Germanic *dusnaz (brown, yellow), from Proto-Indo-European *dhūw- (to smoke, raise dust). Cognate with Old Saxon dun (brown, dark), Old High German tusin (ash-gray, dull brown, pale yellow, dark).

Alternative etymology derives the Old English word from Late Brythonic (compare Old Welsh dwnn 'dark (red)'), from Proto-Celtic *dusno (compare Old Irish donn), from Proto-Indo-European *dwos (compare Old Saxon dosan 'chestnut brown'). More at dusk.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dun (countable and uncountable, plural duns)

  1. (uncountable) A brownish grey colour.
    dun colour:    
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dun (not comparable)

  1. Of a brownish grey colour.
    • Pierpont
      Summer's dun cloud comes thundering up.
    • Keble
      Chill and dun / Falls on the moor the brief November day.
TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown; perhaps a variant of din.

NounEdit

dun (plural duns)

  1. (countable) A collector of debts.
    • Arbuthnot
      to be pulled by the sleeve by some rascally dun
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, Ch. 18:
      Melancholy duns came looking for him at all hours.
    • 1970, John Glassco, Memoirs of Montparnasse, New York 2007, p. 102:
      ‘Frank's worried about duns,’ she said as the butler went away.
  2. An urgent request or demand of payment.
    He sent his debtor a dun.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

dun (third-person singular simple present duns, present participle dunning, simple past and past participle dunned)

  1. (transitive) To ask or beset a debtor for payment.
    • Jonathan Swift
      Hath she sent so soon to dun?
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 577:
      Of all he had received from Lady Bellaston, not above five guineas remained and that very morning he had been dunned by a tradesman for twice that sum.
    • 1940, Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, Penguin 2010, p. 107:
      Rich bitches who had to be dunned for their milk bills would pay him right now.
  2. (transitive) To harass by continually repeating e.g. a request.
TranslationsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dun (plural duns)

  1. A valley in the Himalayan foothills, e.g. Dehra Dun.

Etymology 4Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

NounEdit

dun (plural duns)

  1. (countable) A newly hatched, immature mayfly.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

See done.

VerbEdit

dun

  1. (informal) Eye dialect spelling of done: simple past tense and past participle of do
    He dun it before and he dun it again.
    Now, ya dun it!

Etymology 6Edit

See don’t.

ContractionEdit

dun

  1. Eye dialect spelling of don't.

Etymology 7Edit

VerbEdit

dun (third-person singular simple present duns, present participle dunning, simple past and past participle dunned)

  1. (transitive) To cure, as codfish, by laying them, after salting, in a pile in a dark place, covered with saltgrass or a similar substance.

Etymology 8Edit

See dune.

NounEdit

dun (plural duns)

  1. A mound or small hill.

Etymology 9Edit

Imitative.

InterjectionEdit

dun

  1. (humorous) Imitating suspenseful music.
    • Carrie Tucker, I Love Geeks
      Has he allowed the power and the repercussions of the Death Note to influence his entire life? How would you deal with that power? (Dun, dun, DUN! Insert dramatic music here.)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dúnn (down).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /duːn/, [d̥uːˀn]

NounEdit

dun n (singular definite dunet, plural indefinite dun)

  1. down (soft, immature feathers)

InflectionEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *thunni, from Proto-Germanic *þunnuz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dun (comparative dunner, superlative dunst)

  1. thin, slender
  2. sparse
  3. (liquid) runny

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

dun

  1. first-person singular present indicative of dunnen
  2. imperative of dunnen

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From contraction of preposition de (of) + masculine article un (a, one)

ContractionEdit

dun m (feminine dunha, masculine plural duns, feminine plural dunhas)

  1. of a, of one; from a, from one

KiputEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-North Sarawak *daqun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (compare Malay daun).

NounEdit

dun

  1. leaf

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

dun

  1. rafsi of dunli.

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

dun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of dūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of dún.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of dǔn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of dùn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apparently from a Celtic source; compare Old Irish dun (hill, hill-fort), Welsh din.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dūn f

  1. hill, mountain

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

dun n

  1. down, what grows on young birds

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit