Czech

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech že.

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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že

  1. that (used for connecting clauses, for example with reported speech)

Interjection

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že

  1. right; isn't it, aren't we, can we, don't we etc. (used as a tag question would be in English)
    Jste tady, že?You're here, aren't you?

Further reading

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  • že”, in Příruční slovník jazyka českého (in Czech), 1935-1957
  • že”, in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého (in Czech), 1960–1971, 1989
  • že”, in Internetová jazyková příručka (in Czech)

Kalasha

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Etymology

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From Sanskrit (ca, and), from Proto-Indo-European *-kʷe. Cognate with Northern Kurdish (also, too).

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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že

  1. and

Old Czech

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Reduced form of ježe, eže, inherited from Proto-Slavic *je že (neuter acc. sg. of *jь že), from *je n sg (it; that, accusative) + *že (emphatic particle). Akin to Old Polish że, compare also English that, Old Norse at, German dass, Ancient Greek ὅτι (hóti).

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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že

  1. Coordinating conjunction; that

Descendants

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  • Czech: že

References

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  • Rejzek, Jiří (2001) “že”, in Český etymologický slovník [Czech Etymological Dictionary] (in Czech), 1st edition, Voznice: LEDA, →ISBN, page 746

Slovak

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *že.

Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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že

  1. that (used for connecting clauses, for example with reported speech)

Interjection

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že

  1. right; isn't it, aren't we, can we, don't we etc. (used as a tag question would be in English)
    Ste tu, že? - You're here, aren't you?

Further reading

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  • že”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *juže, *uže.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ʒéː/, /ʒɛ́/, /ʒɛ/

Adverb

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žẹ̑ or žȅ

  1. already

Further reading

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  • že”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Turkmen

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Noun

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že (definite accusative ženi, plural želer)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter Ž/ž.

See also

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