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TranslingualEdit

 
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LetterEdit

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

SymbolEdit

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of Y:


EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wye and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  • The name of this letter is spelled wy or wye

See alsoEdit

AbbreviationEdit

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
    • 2003, Howard Tanner, Sonia Jones, Becoming a Successful Teacher of Mathematics
      Consider the following questions selected from the tests and estimate the proportion of Y8 pupils you would expect to answer correctly.
  2. (Britain, television) Abbreviation of youth., usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.
  4. (slang, text messaging, Internet) Abbreviation of why.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. and

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. and

PronounEdit

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.
    da-y pan
    give him/her bread

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually seen as -y

AzeriEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


CornishEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notesEdit

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /jɛɪ/).

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: x
  • Next letter: z

FalaEdit

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. Alternative form of i

FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From i grec (Greek i), referring to the letter upsilon (Υ), originally borrowed from the Greek alphabet, as opposed to "Latin i" (I).

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /i.ɡʁɛk/

LetterEdit

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Etymology 2Edit

10th century; from Old French i, from Latin hīc (here) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰi-ḱe (this, here)), with meaning influenced by Old French iv (there, thither), itself from Latin ibī. Derivation from the latter poses difficulty from a phonetic standpoint.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
    Il est dans la maison. Il y est.He is in the house. He is there.
  2. there, thither (to there)
    Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.We are going to Mexico. We are going there.
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
    1. With verbs: see Appendix:French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in juridical language.
      personnes y nommées, procédures y afférentes, documents y relatifs, eaux y affluentes
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Eye-dialect spelling of il.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

y

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: Alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: Alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) They: Alternative form of elles

Further readingEdit


FulaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /yː/, /y/, /ʏ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈʏpsilɔn/

LetterEdit

y n (genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

GuaraníEdit

NounEdit

y

  1. water

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

y m, f (invariable)

  1. See under Y

KamayuráEdit

NounEdit

y

  1. Alternative form of

ReferencesEdit


LadinEdit

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. and

LatgalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ȳ ? (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “y”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve, Latin Grammar (3rd ed., 1895), page 1
    The Latin names for the letters… For Y the sound was used, for Z the Greek name (zēta).

MalayEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MandinkaEdit

PronounEdit

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

See alsoEdit


ManxEdit

ArticleEdit

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mbyá GuaraníEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

PronounEdit

y

  1. I

Middle FrenchEdit

AdverbEdit

y

  1. there (in a given place)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 12:
      Or me dictes fist Lancelot, des lettres qui illec sont escriptes, savez vous qui les y fist mettre
      Now tell me, said Lancelot, about these letters that are written here, do you know who put them here?

NorwegianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /y̫ː/ invalid IPA characters (̫)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /y̫ː/ invalid IPA characters (̫), /y̫/ invalid IPA characters (̫)

LetterEdit

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(ː)/.

Old TupiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

y

  1. water
  2. river

ReferencesEdit


PapiamentuEdit

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. and

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


QuechuaEdit

AdverbEdit

y

  1. really, truly

SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Spanish é or e, from Latin et.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (preconsonantal) IPA(key): /i/
  • (prevocalic) IPA(key): /ʝ/
  • Rhymes: -i

ConjunctionEdit

y

  1. and
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Es, pues, de saber que este sobredicho hidalgo, los ratos que estaba ocioso —que eran los más del año—, se daba a leer libros de caballerías, con tanta afición y gusto, que olvidó casi de todo punto el ejercicio de la caza y aun la administración de su hacienda; y llegó a tanto su curiosidad y desatino en esto, que vendió muchas hanegas de tierra de sembradura para comprar libros de caballerías en que leer, y, así, llevó a su casa todos cuantos pudo haber dellos.
      You must know, then, that the above-named gentleman whenever he was at leisure (which was mostly all the year round) gave himself up to reading books of chivalry with such ardour and avidity that he almost entirely neglected the pursuit of his field-sports, and even the management of his property; and to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillageland to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get.
  2. (in names of number) and
    setenta y seis
    seventy-six
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
    uno y uno son dos
    one plus one is two
  4. (informal) well
    ¡Y por supuesto!
    Well, of course!

Usage notesEdit

  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɯ/, /ɯː/

LetterEdit

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Vietnamese word from

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

y ()

  1. (formal, derogatory) he; him (usually refers to a criminal)
  2. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
    • 1958, Nguyễn Đổng Chi, "Thạch Sùng còn thiếu mẻ kho hay là Sự tích con mối" (Kho tàng truyện cố tích Việt Nam nr. 36), NXB Văn sử địa
      Hồi đó ở kinh đô có một người em hoàng hậu họ Vương. Y cũng là tay cự phú nổi tiếng tiền rừng biển bạc và xài phí vào bậc nhất.
      At the time, there was in the capital a brother of the queen of the Wáng family. He was also a famous for being immensely rich and was an extravagant spender of first degree.

See alsoEdit


WayampiEdit

NounEdit

y

  1. Alternative form of ɨɨ (water)
    ay'ú.I drink water.

ReferencesEdit

  • Handbook of Amazonian Languages, volume 4 (1998), edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire, Geoffrey K. Pullum

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels)

ArticleEdit

y (definite) (triggers Soft Mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the
    y bachgenthe boy
    y ferchthe girl
    y llongthe ship
    y bechgynthe boys
    y merchedthe girls

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • yr (used before vowels)

ParticleEdit

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
    Wyt ti'n meddwl y gall hi ddod?
    Do you think that she can come?
    Mae hi'n gwybod y byddet ti'n gwrando arni hi.
    She knows that you would listen to her.
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
    y dyn y dysgais ei fabthe man whose son I taught
    y ferch y gwrandewais arnithe girl to whom I listened
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause
    • 1620, William Morgan, Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, Genesis 1:1
      Yn y dechreuad y creodd Duw y nefoedd a’r ddaear.
      In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Usage notesEdit
  • y is almost always omitted in the colloquial language.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
Related termsEdit

ZuluEdit

LetterEdit

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit