Old Church Slavonic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *ono.

Pronoun edit

оно (ono)

  1. it
  2. nominative/accusative singular neuter of онъ (onŭ)

Declension edit

See also edit

Russian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ono.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ɐˈno]
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

оно́ (onó) (masculine counterpart он, feminine counterpart она́)

  1. it (third-person neuter singular pronoun)
Usage notes edit
  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- (n-) must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó, from it); на нём (na njom, on it); у него́ (u nevó, it has); к нему́ (k nemú, to it); с ним (s nim, with it).
  • This comes from Proto-Slavic prepositions such as *sъ(n) (with) (compare Ancient Greek σύν (sún) and Latin cum), that originally ended in -n and governed oblique cases. Since the prepositions and the pronouns occurred together so often, it was easy to lose track of which word the final -n belonged to, and so it was reinterpreted as part of the pronouns; compare Old English an, which was reinterpreted in the same way. Proto-Slavic *sъ(n) *jьmi became modern Russian с ни́ми (s ními), and this rule was extended to all prepositions governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e. when его́ (jevó) is a possessive pronoun), then н- (n-) is not added: в его́ положе́нии (v jevó položénii, in its position); о его́ тка́ни (o jevó tkáni, about its fabric); с его́ ве́сом (s jevó vésom, with its weight).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of оно́ (onó), then н- (n-) is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó, with it itself).
Declension edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

о́но (óno)

  1. short neuter singular of о́ный (ónyj)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ono, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónos.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ǒno/
  • Hyphenation: о‧но

Pronoun edit

о̀но (Latin spelling òno)

  1. it

Declension edit