See also: , , भृ, भा, and भी

Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit भू (bhū).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /bʱuː/

Noun edit

भू (bhūf

  1. the Earth
    Synonyms: पृथ्वी (pŕthvī), धरती (dhartī)
  2. land, earth
    Synonyms: भूमि (bhūmi), ज़मीन (zamīn)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Marathi edit

Etymology edit

From Old Marathi 𑘥𑘴 (bhū), from Sanskrit भू (bhū).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /bʱu/, [bʱuː]
  • (file)

Noun edit

भू (bhūf

  1. the earth

Declension edit

Declension of भू (fem ū-stem)
direct
singular
भू
bhū
direct
plural
भवा
bhvā
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
भू
bhū
भवा
bhvā
oblique
सामान्यरूप
भू
bhū
भवां-
bhvān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
भूला
bhūlā
भवांना
bhvānnā
ergative भूने, भूनं
bhūne, bhūna
भवांनी
bhvānnī
instrumental भूशी
bhūśī
भवांशी
bhvānśī
locative
सप्तमी
भूत
bhūt
भवांत
bhvāt
vocative
संबोधन
भू
bhū
भवांनो
bhvānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of भू (fem ū-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
भूचा
bhūċā
भूचे
bhūċe
भूची
bhūcī
भूच्या
bhūcā
भूचे, भूचं
bhūċe, bhūċa
भूची
bhūcī
भूच्या
bhūcā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
भवांचा
bhvānċā
भवांचे
bhvānċe
भवांची
bhvāñcī
भवांच्या
bhvāncā
भवांचे, भवांचं
bhvānċe, bhvānċa
भवांची
bhvāñcī
भवांच्या
bhvāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “भू”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857) “भू”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Shridhar Ganesh Vaze (1911) “भू”, in The Aryabhusan School Dictionary, Poona: Arya-Bhushan Press
  • Tulpule, Shankar Gopal; Feldhaus, Anne, “[1]”, in A Dictionary of Old Marathi, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, 1999.

Old Marathi edit

Noun edit

भू (bhūf

  1. Devanagari form of 𑘥𑘴 (bhū)

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

भू f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhū (the earth)

Declension edit

Noun edit

भू f

  1. Devanagari script form of bhū (eyebrow)

Declension edit

Sanskrit edit

Alternative forms edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to appear, become, be, grow, rise up). Cognates include Ancient Greek φύω (phúō), Avestan 𐬠𐬎 (bu), Latin fui, fīō, Proto-Germanic *buskaz, *beuną, and Old English beon (whence English be).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

भू (bhū́) stemf

  1. the act of becoming or arising
  2. the place of being, space, world or universe
  3. the earth (as constituting one of the 3 worlds)
  4. (figuratively) one (number)
  5. earth (as a substance), ground, soil, land, landed property
  6. floor, pavement
  7. a place, spot, piece of ground
  8. the base of any geometric figure
  9. object, matter
  10. a sacrificial fire

Declension edit

Feminine ū-stem declension of भू (bhū́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भूः
bhū́ḥ
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Vocative भूः
bhū́ḥ
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Accusative भुवम्
bhúvam
भुवौ
bhúvau
भुवः
bhúvaḥ
Instrumental भुवा
bhuvā́
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभिः
bhūbhíḥ
Dative भुवे / भुवै¹
bhuvé / bhuvaí¹
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभ्यः
bhūbhyáḥ
Ablative भुवः / भुवाः¹ / भुवै²
bhuváḥ / bhuvā́ḥ¹ / bhuvaí²
भूभ्याम्
bhūbhyā́m
भूभ्यः
bhūbhyáḥ
Genitive भुवः / भुवाः¹ / भुवै²
bhuváḥ / bhuvā́ḥ¹ / bhuvaí²
भुवोः
bhuvóḥ
भुवाम् / भूनाम्¹
bhuvā́m / bhūnā́m¹
Locative भुवि / भुवाम्¹
bhuví / bhuvā́m¹
भुवोः
bhuvóḥ
भूषु
bhūṣú
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Brāhmaṇas

Descendants edit

  • Pali: bhū
  • Hindi: भू (bhū)

Root edit

भू (bhū)

  1. to be

Derived terms edit

Primary Verbal Forms
Secondary Forms
Non-Finite Forms
Derived Nominal Forms

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899) “भू”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 0760.
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 113
  • Otto Böhtlingk, Richard Schmidt (1879-1928) “भू”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 255-257; 267