文化

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3

EtymologyEdit

From (bun, culture) + (ka, change for the better)

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NounEdit

文化 (hiragana ぶんか, romaji bunka)

  1. culture
    • 1928, 岸田國士, 「語られる言葉」の美:
      これは、国語 (こくご)性格 (せいかく)に、文化 (ぶんか)伝統 (でんとう)国民性 (こくみんせい)特質 (とくしつ)作用 (さよう)するからである。
      kore wa, kokugo no seikaku ni, bunka no dentō, kokuminsei no tokushitsu ga sayō suru kara de aru.
      The tradition of culture and the traits of the nation function to make the character of the national language.

Derived termsEdit

  • 文化圏 (bunkaken): cultural sphere
  • 文化祭 (bunkasai): culture festival
  • 文化財 (bunkazai): cultural asset
  • 文化史 (bunkashi): cultural history
  • 文化省 (bunkashō): Ministry of Culture
  • 文化人 (bunkajin): person of culture
  • 文化庁 (bunkachō): Agency for Cultural Affairs
  • 文化の日 (bunka no hi): Culture Day Holiday
  • 文化的な (bunkateki na): cultural
  • 文化遺産 (bunka isan): cultural heritage
  • 文化映画 (bunka eiga): cultural film
  • 文化勲章 (bunka kunshō): Order of Culture
  • 文化交流 (bunka kōryū): cultural exchange
  • 文化国家 (bunka kokka): country with a high level of culture
  • 文化施設 (bunka shisetsu): cultural facility
  • 文化観光省 (bunka-kankōshō): Minister for Culture and Tourism
  • 文化功労者 (bunka kōrōsha): person who has made outstanding cultural contributions
  • 文化事業部 (bunka jigyōbu): Cultural Affairs Department
  • 文化心理学 (bunka shinrigaku): cultural psychology
  • 文化人類学 (bunka jinruigaku): cultural anthropology
  • 文化大革命 (bunka-daikakumei): Cultural Revolution
  • 文化地理学 (bunka chirigaku): cultural geography
  • 文化財保護法 (bunkazai-hogohō): Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties
  • 文化圏固有動作 (bunkaken koyū dōsa): (computing) locale-specific behavior
  • 異文化 (ibunka): foreign culture
  • 食文化 (shokubunka): food culture
  • 成文化 (seibunka): codification
  • 明文化 (meibunka): stipulate
  • 多文化主義 (tabunka-shugi): multiculturalism
  • 映像文化 (eizō bunka): visual culture
  • 漢字文化 (kanji bunka): kanji culture
  • 大衆文化 (taishū bunka): mass culture, pop culture
  • 伝統文化 (dentō bunka): traditional culture
  • 比較文化 (hikaku bunka): comparative culture
  • イスラム文化 (isuramu bunka): Islamic culture
  • 漢字文化圏 (kanji bunkaken): countries which use Chinese characters
  • 重要文化財 (jūyō bunkasai): important cultural property
  • 無形文化財 (mukei bunkazai): intangible cultural asset
  • 有形文化財 (yūkei bunkazai): tangible cultural properties
  • 多元文化論 (tagen-bunkaron): multiculturalism
  • 芸術文化の破壊 (geijutsu bunka no hakai): vandalism
  • 消費者文化 (shōhisha bunka): consumer culture
  • 重要無形文化財 (jūyō mukei bunka): important intangible cultural asset

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

文化 (munhwa) (hangeul 문화)

  1. Hanja form? of 문화, “culture”.

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin wénhuà
Zhuyin ㄨㄣˊ ㄏㄨㄚˋ
IPA (key) /u̯ən³⁵ xu̯a̠⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

NounEdit

文化 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin wénhuà)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) culture
    不同國家不同文化。 (trad.)
    不同国家不同文化。 (simp.)
    bùtóng de guójiā yǒu bùtóng de wénhuà
    Different countries have different cultures.

Min NanEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

文化 (traditional and simplified, POJ bûn-hòa)

  1. culture
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 02:31