歷史

See also: 历史 and 歴史

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lek̚/ /liek̚/ /lek̚/ /lek̚/ /lɛjk̚/ /liek̚/ /lɛk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨX/ /ʂiX/ /ʃiəX/ /ʃɨX/ /ʂɨX/ /ʃĭəX/ /ʃieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lek › /*[r]ˤek/ pass by; in turn
shǐ ‹ sriX › /*s-rəʔ/ scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7980 0 /*reːɡ/
11487 0 /*srɯʔ/

NounEdit

歷史

  1. history
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  sense of history
    歷史觀點 / 历史观点  ―  lìshǐ guāndiǎn  ―  view of history
    縱觀歷史 / 纵观历史  ―  zòngguān lìshǐ  ―  throughout history
    歷史勝利者書寫 [MSC, trad.]
    历史胜利者书写 [MSC, simp.]
    Lìshǐ shì yóu shènglìzhě shūxiě de. [Pinyin]
    History is written by the victors.

Usage notesEdit

Just like in English, the Chinese term 歷史历史 can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

AdjectiveEdit

歷史

  1. historical (when used as an attributive)
    歷史文獻 / 历史文献  ―  lìshǐ wénxiàn  ―  historical document
    歷史事件 / 历史事件  ―  lìshǐ shìjiàn  ―  historical event

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (歷史):

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

歷史 ‎(yeoksa) ‎(hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, "history"
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