歷史

See also: 历史 and 歴史

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (127)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lek̚/ /lek̚/ /lɛk̚/ /lɛjk̚/ /lek̚/ /liek̚/ /liek̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɨX/ /ʃɨX/ /ʃieX/ /ʂɨX/ /ʃiəX/ /ʃĭəX/ /ʂiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lek › /*[r]ˤek/ pass by; in turn
shǐ ‹ sriX › /*s-rəʔ/ scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7980 0 /*reːɡ/
11487 0 /*srɯʔ/

NounEdit

歷史

  1. (countable, uncountable) history   (Classifier: )
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  sense of history
    歷史觀點 / 历史观点  ―  lìshǐ guāndiǎn  ―  view of history
    縱觀歷史 / 纵观历史  ―  zòngguān lìshǐ  ―  throughout history
    古代歷史 / 古代历史  ―  gǔdài lìshǐ  ―  ancient history
    歷史勝利者書寫 / 历史胜利者书写  ―  Lìshǐ shì yóu shènglìzhě shūxiě de.  ―  History is written by the victors.

Usage notesEdit

Just like in English, the Chinese term 歷史历史 can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

AdjectiveEdit

歷史

  1. (attributive) historical
    歷史文獻 / 历史文献  ―  lìshǐ wénxiàn  ―  historical document
    歷史事件 / 历史事件  ―  lìshǐ shìjiàn  ―  historical event

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (歷史):

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

歷史 ‎(yeoksa) ‎(hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, "history"
Read in another language