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See also: 历史 and 歴史

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
歷史

EtymologyEdit

“Historical records; history” [at least 5th CE].

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (21)
Final () (127) (19)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lek̚/ /ʃɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lek̚/ /ʃɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛk̚/ /ʃieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjk̚/ /ʂɨX/
Li
Rong
/lek̚/ /ʃiəX/
Wang
Li
/liek̚/ /ʃĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liek̚/ /ʂiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ lek › ‹ sriX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤek/ /*s-rəʔ/
English pass by; in turn scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7980 11487
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːɡ/ /*srɯʔ/

NounEdit

歷史

  1. (uncountable) history (the study of past events)
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  sense of history
    歷史觀點 / 历史观点  ―  lìshǐ guāndiǎn  ―  view of history
    縱觀歷史 / 纵观历史  ―  zòngguān lìshǐ  ―  throughout history
    古代歷史 / 古代历史  ―  gǔdài lìshǐ  ―  ancient history
    歷史故事 / 历史故事  ―  lìshǐ gùshi  ―  stories from history
    歷史文獻 / 历史文献  ―  lìshǐ wénxiàn  ―  historical document
    歷史事件 / 历史事件  ―  lìshǐ shìjiàn  ―  historical event
    歷史人物 / 历史人物  ―  lìshǐ rénwù  ―  historical figure
    歷史勝利者書寫 [MSC, trad.]
    历史胜利者书写 [MSC, simp.]
    Lìshǐ shì yóu shènglìzhě shūxiě de. [Pinyin]
    History is written by the victors.
    是否歷史事實近代頗有爭議 [MSC, trad.]
    是否历史事实近代颇有争议 [MSC, simp.]
    Cǐ shuō shìfǒu wéi lìshǐ shìshí, jìndài pōyǒu zhēngyì. [Pinyin]
    Whether this theory is historical fact has been a source of considerable contention in recent times.
  2. (countable) past events; historical happenings; history (Classifier: )
  3. (uncountable) Short for 歷史學历史学 (lìshǐxué, “the study of history; historiography”).

Usage notesEdit

Just like in English, this Chinese term can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (歷史):

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

歷史 (yeoksa) (hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, “history