See also:
U+985E, 類
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-985E

[U+985D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+985F]
Uf9d0.svg
U+F9D0, 類
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9D0

[U+F9CF]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9D1]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 181, +10 in Chinese, 頁+9 in Japanese, 19 strokes in Chinese, 18 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 火大一月金 (FKMBC), four-corner 91486, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1408, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43608
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1926, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4387, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+985E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𩔖

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ruːls, *ruds): phonetic (OC *roːds) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *rus (bone) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lei⁵¹/
Harbin /lei⁵³/
Tianjin /lei⁵³/
Jinan /luei²¹/
Qingdao /le⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luei³¹²/
Xi'an /luei⁴⁴/
Xining /luɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /luei¹³/
Lanzhou /luei¹³/
Ürümqi /luei²¹³/
Wuhan /nei³⁵/
Chengdu /nuei¹³/
Guiyang /nuei²¹³/
Kunming /nuei²¹²/
Nanjing /luəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /le⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /luei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /luei³⁵/
Hohhot /luei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /le²³/
Suzhou /le̞³¹/
Hangzhou /lei¹³/
Wenzhou /løy²²/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
/ly²²/
Tunxi /lə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /lei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /nəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /lui²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lui⁵³/
Taoyuan /lui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /løy²²/
Nanning /lui²²/
Hong Kong /løy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lui³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lui³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwiH/
Li
Rong
/luiH/
Wang
Li
/lwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lèi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
leoi6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]u[t]-s/
English category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7770 7772
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ruːls/ /*ruds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. class; group; kind; category
  2. Classifier for types of things: type, kind, sort
    問題 / 问题  ―  zhè lèi wèntí  ―  this type of question
    Synonym: (zhǒng)
  3. (set theory) class
    所有集合構成不是集合 [MSC, trad.]
    所有集合构成不是集合 [MSC, simp.]
    Yóu suǒyǒu jíhé gòuchéng de lèi bùshì jíhé. [Pinyin]
    The class of all sets is not a set.
  4. (object-oriented programming) class

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. kind, sort, type, class, genus, order, family
  2. similar example, parallel

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • As in historical readings "すゐ", "ずゐ", "つゐ", and "ゆゐ", most dictionaries do not have "るゐ", as a historical reading for 類. According to historical data, the on-reading of 類 is the modern "るい". However, the Dai Kanwa Jiten, has the "るゐ" and related -wi historical on-readings.

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 무리 (muri ryu), South Korea 무리 (muri yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (kind, sort, type, class, genus, order, family).
  2. Hanja form? of (similar example, parallel).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: loại, loài, nòi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.