See also: 知识

ChineseEdit

to know; to be aware
 
to record; write a footnote; to know
to record; write a footnote; to know; knowledge
trad. (知識)
simp. (知识)
alternative forms 知䛊 obsolete

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: zi3 sik1 - also written as 智識.
Note: also written as 智識.
Note: di3 sêg4 - also written as 智識.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (9) (26)
Final () (11) (134)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /ɕɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /ɕɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /ɕiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /ɕik̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /ɕiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /ɕĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /ɕi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- shi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ syik ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*s-tək/
English know know

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 11495 17244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'e/ /*tjɯɡs/
Notes

NounEdit

知識

  1. knowledge
    學習知識 / 学习知识  ―  xuéxí zhīshí  ―  to acquire knowledge
    更新知識 / 更新知识  ―  gēngxīn zhīshí  ―  to renew one's knowledge
    知識淵博 / 知识渊博  ―  zhīshi yuānbó  ―  to be knowledgeable
    傳授知識 / 传授知识  ―  chuánshòu zhīshi  ―  to pass on knowledge
    知識結構 / 知识结构  ―  zhīshí jiégòu  ―  knowledge structure
    圖書館人類知識海洋 [MSC, trad.]
    图书馆人类知识海洋 [MSC, simp.]
    Túshūguǎn shì rénlèi zhīshí de hǎiyáng. [Pinyin]
    Libraries contain knowledge of human experience as vast as the open sea.
  2. intellect; intelligence
SynonymsEdit
  • (knowledge):
  • (intellect): 智力 (zhìlì)
  • (acquaintance):
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic (知識):
  • Japanese: ()(しき) (chishiki)
  • Korean: 지식 (知識, jisik)
  • Vietnamese: tri thức (知識)

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (9) (26)
Final () (11) (134)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /ɕɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /ɕɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /ɕiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /ɕik̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /ɕiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /ɕĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /ɕi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- shi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ syik ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*s-tək/
English know know

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 11495 17244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'e/ /*tjɯɡs/
Notes

VerbEdit

知識

  1. (literary) to know; to be familiar with
SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

知識

  1. (literary) acquaintance; friend
Derived termsEdit

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しき
Grade: 5
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()(しき) (chishiki

  1. knowledge
    知識(ちしき)()
    chishiki o eru
    to acquire knowledge

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

知識 (jisik) (hangeul 지식)

  1. Hanja form? of 지식 (knowledge).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

知識

  1. Hán tự form of tri thức (knowledge).