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U+4F9D, 依
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F9D

[U+4F9C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F9E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人卜竹女 (OYHV), four-corner 20232, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 102, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 607
  • Dae Jaweon: page 217, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 152, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F9D

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːl
*qɯl
*qɯl, *qɯls
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ
*qɯlʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯl): semantic  (human) + phonetic  (OC *qɯl, *qɯls).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Probably cognate with (OC *qralʔ, *qrals) (Wang, 1982). Perhaps (OC *qin) is an allofam (Pulleyblank, 1991), though the vowels do not agree (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨj/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəi/
Wang
Li
/ĭəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔəj/
English lean upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14836
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to lean on
  2. to rely on; to depend on
  3. to obey

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠵱

Dialectal variant of (ni1).

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese) this; these
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“this”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai old-style obsolete

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune–Reischauer ŭi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(y, e, , ỉa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit