ChineseEdit

 
sad; sadness; sorrow
sad; sadness; sorrow; grief
 
sorrow; grief; pity
sorrow; grief; pity; to grieve for; to pity; to lament
simp. and trad.
(悲哀)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (34)
Final () (17) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪ/ /ʔʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚi/ /ʔəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪ/ /ʔɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pji/ /ʔəj/
Li
Rong
/pji/ /ʔᴀi/
Wang
Li
/pi/ /ɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi/ /ʔɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
āi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bēi āi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pij › ‹ ʔoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*prəj/ /*ʔˁəj/
English sad to pity; sad

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3067 14835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯl/ /*qɯːl/

AdjectiveEdit

悲哀

  1. sorrowful; sad

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

悲哀

  1. sorrow; sadness

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
あい
Grade: S
on’yomi

NounEdit

悲哀(ひあい) (hiai

  1. sorrow, sadness
    サラリーマン生活(せいかつ)悲哀(ひあい)
    sararīman seikatsu no hiai
    the sorrows of the life of an office worker

SynonymsEdit