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See also: , , , and 𢑚
U+7533, 申
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533

[U+7532]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7534]
Emoji u1f238.svg
🈸 U+1F238, 🈸
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533
🈷
[U+1F237]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈹
[U+1F239]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田中 (LWL), four-corner 50006, composition or ⿻)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 758, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2526, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7533

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢑚
𦥔
“to extend; to stretch; to state; to explain”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'iːns
*l̥ʰin, *hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin
*hlin, *hlins
*hlin
*hlin
*hlins
*hlin
*lins

Pictogram (象形) — a bolt of lightning. Original character of (OC *l'iːns, “lightning”) and (OC *hlin, “god; deity; spirit”).

EtymologyEdit

“to extend; to state; to request; to announce; again”
From (OC *linʔ, *lins, “to pull; to draw”) + devoicing causative or iterative (Schuessler, 2007).
“Shanghai”
From 春申江, an alternative name of 黃浦江黄浦江 (Huángpǔjiāng), the largest river in Shanghai.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • chhun - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕin/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥i[n]/
    English 9th earthly branch

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11235
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hlin/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Original form of (diàn, “lightning”).
    2. Original form of (shén, “lightning”).
    3. to extend; to stretch
    4. to state; to explain
    5. to request; to report
    6. to announce; to express
    7. again; repeatedly
    8. ninth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
      1. monkey of the Chinese zodiac
      2. 3 to 5 p.m.
      3. seventh month of the Chinese calendar
    9. () Shen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
    10. Alternative name for 上海 (Shànghǎi, “Shanghai”).
    11. A surname​.

    Coordinate termsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. (humble) to speak
    2. the monkey, one of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    さる
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    From (saru, monkey)

    PronunciationEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana さる, rōmaji Saru)

    1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (syin)

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

    1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (sin) (hangeul , revised shin, McCune–Reischauer shin, Yale shin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.