See also: [U+7530 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7530], [U+7532 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7532], [U+7531 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7531], and 𢑚 [U+2245A CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-2245A]
U+7533, 申
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533

[U+7532]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7534]

🈸 U+1F238, 🈸
SQUARED CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7533
🈷
[U+1F237]
Enclosed Ideographic Supplement 🈹
[U+1F239]

Translingual

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Presentations of 🈸︎
Text
style
Emoji
style
🈸︎ 🈸️
Note: Character's appearance
may be different on each system.
Text style is forced with ︎
and emoji style with ️
Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田中 (LWL), four-corner 50006, composition or )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 758, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2526, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7533

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𢑚
𦥔
“to extend; to stretch; to state; to explain”
𤰶
𠭙
𢑚
𦥔
“to extend; to stretch; to state; to explain”
𤰶
𠭙
𦦀
𠭜
 

Glyph origin

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Pictogram (象形) — a bolt of lightning. Original character of (OC *l'iːns, “lightning”) and (OC *hlin, “god; deity; spirit”).

Etymology

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“to extend; to state; to request; to announce; again”
From (OC *linʔ, *lins, “to pull; to draw”) + devoicing causative or iterative (Schuessler, 2007).
9th earthly branch
From sense "to extend", denoting the moon's "extending" phase, i.e. waxing half-moon with a concave edge (Smith, 2010).
For its association with the monkey, compare Proto-Tai *liːŋᴬ (monkey), Proto-Hmong *ʔlinᴬ (monkey), and Proto-Mien *ʔbiŋᴬ (monkey).
“Shanghai”
From 春申江 (Chūnshēnjiāng), an alternative name of 黃浦江黄浦江 (Huángpǔjiāng), the largest river in Shanghai.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • sin - literary;
  • chhun - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter syin
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕin/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
san1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syin ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥i[n]/
English 9th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11235
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlin/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. Original form of (diàn, “lightning”).
  2. to extend; to stretch
  3. to state; to explain
    三令五  ―  sānlìngwǔshēn  ―  to repeat and reaffirm the commands multiple times
  4. to request; to report
  5. to announce; to express
  6. again; repeatedly
    命記命记  ―  Shēnmìngjì  ―  Book of Deuteronomy (lit. book of reaffirmation of laws)
  7. ninth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
    1. monkey of the Chinese zodiac
    2. 3 to 5 p.m.
    3. seventh month of the Chinese calendar
  8. () Shen (vassal state during the Zhou dynasty)
  9. Alternative name for 上海 (Shànghǎi, “Shanghai”).
  10. Alternative form of (deity)
  11. a surname

Coordinate terms

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Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Third grade kyōiku kanji)

  1. (humble) to speak
  2. the monkey, one of the twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
さる
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From (saru, monkey).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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(さる) (Saru

  1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches
    Hypernyms: 十二支, 地支
    Coordinate terms: , , , , , , , , , , ,

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (syin).

Proper noun

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(しん) (Shin

  1. the Monkey, the ninth of the twelve Earthly Branches
    Hypernyms: 十二支, 地支
    Coordinate terms: , , , , , , , , , , ,

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 펼칠 (pyeolchil sin))

  1. hanja form? of (to extend; to stretch)

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thân

  1. chữ Hán form of Thân (ninth of the twelve earthly branches).
    Hypernyms: 地支, 十二支
    Coordinate terms: , , , , , , , , , , ,

Compounds

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