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See also: and
U+59CA, 姊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59CA

[U+59C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59CB]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女中X竹 (VLXH), four-corner 40427, composition𠂔)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 258, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6164
  • Dae Jaweon: page 523, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1032, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+59CA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𡛷

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsiʔ): semantic  (woman) + phonetic 𠂔.

EtymologyEdit

From Mon-Khmer; compare Old Mon kuṁci (sister) (Schuessler, 2007). Schuessler (2007) notes that connection with Proto-Tibeto-Burman *dzar (sister (of man)), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *dzər ~ tsər (Benedict, 1974) is "phonetically less direct".

PronunciationEdit


Note: jiě - more commonly used in Taiwan, also written as .
Note: ze2 - usually written as .
Note:
  • chí, ché/chié - vernacular, also written as (especially for ché);
  • chú/chír - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡siX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts][i]jʔ/
    English older sister

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17870
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𡛷
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsiʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. elder sister
        ―  mèi  ―  sisters

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (shi)
    • Kan-on: (shi)
    • Kun: あね (ane, ); はは (haha, )

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ja) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tỉ, tỷ, chị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.