U+6163, 慣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6163

[U+6162]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6164]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心田十金 (PWJC), four-corner 97086, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 399, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 739, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2349, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6163

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːn, *koːns
*koːn, *koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*koːns
*kroːns
*kroːns
*kuːn
*kuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːns): semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *koːn, *koːns) – habit is what one does by heart.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gáing - vernacular (“accustomed”);
  • guáng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuan⁵¹/
Harbin /kaun⁵³/
Tianjin /kuan⁵³/
Jinan /kuã²¹/
Qingdao /kuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuan³¹²/
Xi'an /kuã⁴⁴/
Xining /kuã²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuan¹³/
Lanzhou /kuɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kuan²¹³/
Wuhan /kuan³⁵/
Chengdu /kuan¹³/
Guiyang /kuan²¹³/
Kunming /kuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kuaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʊ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kuæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kue³⁵/
Suzhou /kue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kuõ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kuɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /kuːə⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kuan⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuan⁵³/
Taoyuan /kuɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwan³³/
Nanning /kʷɛn³³/
Hong Kong /kwan³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuan²¹/
/kuãi²¹/
/kuĩ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ²¹³/
/kũi²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kuanH/
Wang
Li
/kwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤro[n]-s/
English accustomed to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4471
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːns/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be accustomed to; to be used to
  2. habit; custom
  3. habitually; usually
  4. to spoil; to overindulge

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. accustomed

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quen, quán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.