U+96C5, 雅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C5

[U+96C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C6]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 172, +4 in Chinese, 隹+5 in Japanese, 12 strokes in Chinese, 13 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 一竹人土 (MHOG), four-corner 70214, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1365, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4094, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96C5

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Etymology 1 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“crow; raven”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Etymology 2 edit

Schuessler (2007) leaves its etymology as unknown, yet mentions that it has been suggested to be related to (OC *ɡraːʔ) (e.g. by Wang Yinzhi apud Zhi, 2004), etc.), a proposal also supported by Baxter & Sagart (2014).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • ngá - literary;
    • ngé - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter ngaeX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨX/
Li
Rong
/ŋaX/
Wang
Li
/ŋaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngaa5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæX › ‹ ngæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ɢˁraʔ/ /*[N-ɢ]ˁraʔ/
English proper, refined kind of musical instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14182
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) standard; proper; correct
  2. elegant; graceful; refined
  3. (polite) your; your esteemed; your gracious
  4. (literary) friendship; companionship
  5. (literary) usually; often
  6. (literary) very much; extremely
  7. a section in the Classic of Poetry consisting of dynastic hymns
  8. standard language (usually used in titles of ancient Chinese dictionaries such as the Erya)
  9. (Teochew) pretty; beautiful
  10. a surname
Synonyms edit
  • (pretty):
Descendants edit
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (ga)
  • Korean: 아(雅) (a)
  • Vietnamese: nhã ()

Compounds edit

References edit

  • ”, in 漢語多功能字庫 (Multi-function Chinese Character Database)[2], 香港中文大學 (the Chinese University of Hong Kong), 2014–
  • Duffus, William (1883) “beautiful”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 19
  • Zhi, C. (2004). "From Exclusive Xia to Inclusive Zhu-Xia: The Conceptualisation of Chinese Identity" in Early China. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 14(3), 185–205. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25188470

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

雅󠄂
+&#xE0102;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
雅󠄄
+&#xE0104;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gracious
  2. elegant
  3. graceful
  4. refined

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngæX, elegant).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

() (ga-na (adnominal () (ga na), adverbial () (ga ni))

  1. elegant
Inflection edit

Noun edit

() (ga

  1. elegance
Antonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
みやび
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
みやび
[adjective] [from 720] courtly, elegant, refined, high-quality
[noun] [from 720] courtliness, elegance, refinement, high quality
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune–Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. elegant, neat, tidy

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: nhã

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.