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U+96C5, 雅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C5

[U+96C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 172, +4 in Chinese, 隹+5 in Japanese, 12 strokes in Chinese, 13 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 一竹人土 (MHOG), four-corner 70214, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1365, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4094, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96C5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ljaː, *laː
*ljaː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraː, *hŋraː
*ŋraː, *ŋraːs
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːʔ
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*ŋraːs
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*hŋraː
*qraː
*laː

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“crow; raven”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ngée - vernacular;
  • ngá - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨX/
Li
Rong
/ŋaX/
Wang
Li
/ŋaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæX › ‹ ngæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ɢˁraʔ/ /*[N-ɢ]ˁraʔ/
English proper, refined kind of musical instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14182
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) standard; proper; correct
  2. elegant; graceful; refined
  3. (polite) your; your esteemed; your gracious
  4. (literary) friendship; companionship
  5. (literary) usually; often
  6. (literary) very much; extremely
  7. a section in the Classic of Poetry consisting of dynastic hymns
  8. standard language (usually used in titles of ancient Chinese dictionaries such as the Erya)
  9. (Teochew) pretty
  10. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
  • (pretty):
Dialectal synonyms of 漂亮 (“good-looking; beautiful”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 漂亮
Mandarin Beijing 好看, 漂亮,
Taiwan 好看, 漂亮,
Tianjin , 漂亮, 好看
Jinan 好看, 漂亮,
Xi'an 好看, 排場, 心疼
Wuhan 好看, 漂亮,
Yangzhou 好看, 標緻
Hefei 好看, 漂亮, 排場
Cantonese Guangzhou 好睇,
Hong Kong 好睇,
Yangjiang 好看, 好樣, , 整齊
Gan Nanchang 客氣, 好看
Hakka Meixian 好看, , ,
Jin Taiyuan 好看, 惜人, 客戲
Min Bei Jian'ou 好覷, 雅式, 生得好
Min Dong Fuzhou , 生得好, 卓佳
Min Nan Xiamen , 好看, 緣投
Quanzhou , 好看, 緣投,
Philippines (Manila) , 好看, 緣投,
Chaozhou , 好睇
Shantou
Haifeng
Wu Shanghai 漂亮, 好看
Suzhou 好看, 標緻, 漂亮
Wenzhou 好眙, 生好, 骨切
Xiang Changsha 好看, 漂亮
Shuangfeng 好看, 漂亮

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Duffus, William (1883), “beautiful”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 19

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gracious
  2. elegant
  3. graceful
  4. refined

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (ngæX, elegant).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana , rōmaji ga)

  1. elegant

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ga)

  1. elegance

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune–Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. elegant, neat, tidy

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.