ChineseEdit

to plant thing; object; matter
simp. and trad.
(植物)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (11) (25) (4)
Final () (19) (134) (60)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡieH/ /d͡ʑiek̚/ /miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑik̚/ /mut̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiəH/ /ʑiək̚/ /miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəH/ /ʑĭək̚/ /mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱiH/ /ʑi̯ək̚/ /mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì shí
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi6 sik6 mat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí zhí zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ driH › ‹ driH › ‹ dzyik › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-tək/ /*C.mut/
English grow, flourish to plant, set upright to plant; plants thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 17263 17273 13218
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯɡs/ /*djɯɡ/ /*mɯd/

NounEdit

植物

  1. (botany) plant; vegetation; flora (Classifier: m;  c)
    觀賞植物 / 观赏植物  ―  guānshǎng zhíwù  ―  ornamental plant

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (植物):

AdjectiveEdit

植物

  1. (medicine, attributive) vegetative
    植物狀態 / 植物状态  ―  zhíwù zhuàngtài  ―  vegetative state

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
うえ
Grade: 3
もの
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
しょく
Grade: 3
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しょく)(ぶつ) or (うえ)(もの) (shokubutsu or uemonoうゑもの (uwemono)?

  1. plant; vegetation

Usage notesEdit

The Chinese-derived reading shokubutsu is more common.

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

植物 (singmul) (hangeul 식물)

  1. Hanja form? of 식물 (plants, vegetation).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

植物

  1. Hán tự form of thực vật (plants, vegetation).