Chinese edit

to plant thing; object; matter
simp. and trad.
(植物)
 
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Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (11) (25) (4)
Final () (19) (134) (60)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Baxter driH dzyik mjut
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡieH/ /d͡ʑiek̚/ /miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑik̚/ /mut̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiəH/ /ʑiək̚/ /miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəH/ /ʑĭək̚/ /mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱiH/ /ʑi̯ək̚/ /mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì shí
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi6 sik6 mat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí zhí zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ driH › ‹ driH › ‹ dzyik › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-tək/ /*C.mut/
English grow, flourish to plant, set upright to plant; plants thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 17263 17273 13218
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯɡs/ /*djɯɡ/ /*mɯd/

Noun edit

植物

  1. (botany) plant; vegetation; flora (Classifier: m;  c)
    觀賞植物观赏植物  ―  guānshǎng zhíwù  ―  ornamental plant
    植物材料  ―  zhíwù cáiliào  ―  plant material
    植物育種者權利植物育种者权利  ―  zhíwù yùzhǒngzhě quánlì  ―  plant breeder’s rights

Synonyms edit

Hypernyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic (植物):

Adjective edit

植物

  1. (medicine, attributive) vegetative
    植物狀態植物状态  ―  zhíwù zhuàngtài  ―  vegetative state

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
しょく
Grade: 3
ぶつ
Grade: 3
kan’on
 
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From Middle Chinese 植物 (MC dzyik mjut).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(しょく)(ぶつ) (shokubutsu

  1. a plant; vegetation

Coordinate terms edit

Hypernyms edit

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
うえ
Grade: 3
もの
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 植物 – see the following entry.
もの
[noun] (rare) general term for cultivated plants, especially vegetables
[noun] (historical) trees planted inside castles for military purposes
[noun] (poetry) types of plants used as subjects in renga and haikai
(This term, 植物, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

植物 (singmul) (hangeul 식물)

  1. Hanja form? of 식물 (plants, vegetation).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit

植物

  1. chữ Hán form of thực vật (plants, vegetation).