Open main menu
See also: and
U+4EE3, 代
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EE3

[U+4EE2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EE4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人戈心 (OIP), four-corner 23240, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 93, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 197, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 113, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EE3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'ɯːɡs
*tɯːɡs
*l̥ʰɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːs, *zlɯːs
*hljɯɡs
*hljɯɡs
*l̥ʰɯːɡ
*l̥ʰɯːɡ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯːɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ, *hljɯɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːɡs): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *lɯɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dô̤i - vernacular;
  • dâi - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tē/tēr - vernacular;
    • tāi - literary;
    • tài - literary (limited, e.g. 交代).
    Note:
    • do7 - vernacular ("generation / dynasty / period");
    • dai3 - literary (in 交代);
    • toi3 - semantic ("to act for/as").
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tai⁵¹/
    Harbin /tai⁵³/
    Tianjin /tai⁵³/
    Jinan /tɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /tɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tai³¹²/
    Xi'an /tai⁴⁴/
    Xining /tɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /tai²¹³/
    Wuhan /tai³⁵/
    Chengdu /tai¹³/
    Guiyang /tai²¹³/
    Kunming /tæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /tae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /te̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /tɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /de²³/
    Suzhou /de̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /de̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /de²²/
    Hui Shexian /tʰɛ²²/
    Tunxi /tə¹¹/
    /ta⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tai⁵⁵/
    /tai¹¹/
    Xiangtan /tai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰai²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰio⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʰoi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tɔi²²/
    Nanning /tɔi²²/
    Hong Kong /tɔi²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tai²²/
    /te²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔy²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /to⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰoi²¹³/
    /to³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdai³⁵/
    /ʔdai³³/
    /ʔde²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /dᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁək-s/
    English replace

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14963
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'ɯːɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to replace; to take the place of
    2. to act for; to do something on behalf of
    3. to act as; to be the acting (president etc.)
    4. generation; age group
    5. historical period; era
    6. date; age
    7. dynasty; line of rulers
    8. (geology) era
    9. (grammar) Short for 代名詞代名词 (dàimíngcí); short for 代詞代词 (dàicí, “pronoun”).
    10. (historical geography) Short for 代國代国 (Dàiguó, “state of Dai”).
    11. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to wear something on the head; to carry on the head; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しろ, rōmaji shiro)

    1. (archaic) substitution
    2. (archaic) price, cost, charge
    3. (historical) shiro, a unit of land

    (hiragana だい, rōmaji dai)

    1. price
    2. generation of a family
    3. reign of a royal
    4. decade
    5. era

    (hiragana , rōmaji yo)

    1. world, society
    2. (archaic) age, generation, era of rule

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (alternative form for dai only)
    • (alternative form for yo only)

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana だい, rōmaji -dai)

    1. generation of a royal family
    2. era, age, decade

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana だい, rōmaji -dai)

    1. charge, fare, rate, fee, price, rent
    2. (indicating years spanning a specific period) -ies, -hundreds

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (dae) (hangeul , revised dae, McCune–Reischauer tae)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đại, đời, rượi, đãi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit