U+6953, 楓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6953

[U+6952]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6954]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木竹弓戈 (DHNI), four-corner 47910, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 539, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15126
  • Dae Jaweon: page 926, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1253, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6953

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·ruːm
*b·uːm
*pʰomʔ
*pʰoms, *bum
*bom
*bom, *boms
*bom, *boms
*bomʔ
*bloms, *bum
*boːŋ, *bum
*plum, *plums
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plums
*blum
*blum
*bums

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/piuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puwŋ/
Li
Rong
/piuŋ/
Wang
Li
/pĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*plum/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. maple (tree)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. maple
  2. Liquidambar formosana, Chinese sweetgum tree, Formosan sweetgum tree

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(kaede): maple leaves and seeds.
Kanji in this term
かえで
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of (kaeru, frog) +‎ (te, hand), with the te changing to de due to rendaku (連濁), and the ru dropping out over time. From the way the palmate leaves resemble a frog's foot.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かえで, romaji kaede, historical hiragana かへで)

  1. the maple tree
  2. a color scheme for (kasane, layered kimono, literally layering), where both the outer and inner layers are light green
  3. a kind of 家紋(kamon, family crest), featuring a maple-leaf design
  4. (term of endearment) a child's hand (from the resemblance in shape between a hand with splayed fingers and a maple leaf)
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カエデ.

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana かえで, romaji Kaede)

  1. A female given name.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かいで
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Shift in pronunciation of kaede.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かいで, romaji kaide)

  1. (uncommon) alternate reading for kaede: the maple tree

Etymology 3Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
(katsura): katsura leaves and seeds.
Kanji in this term
かつら
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Less common spelling for (katsura).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かつら, romaji katsura)

  1. : the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum
  2. : (Chinese mythology) the kind of tree that grows on the moon
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as カツラ.

The katsura reading is rare for this kanji. When referring to the katsura tree, the spelling is used more often to avoid confusion.

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
おかつら
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Alternate spelling for 男桂(okatsura, male katsura), an archaic name for the katsura tree.[1] Compare 女桂(mekatsura, female katsura: the cinnamon tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄(Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おかつら, romaji okatsura, historical hiragana をかつら) (alternative reading hiragana おかづら, romaji okazura)

  1. (obsolete) the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Etymology 5Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
(): sweetgum leaves and seeds.
Kanji in this term
ふう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (biung).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふう, romaji )

  1. フウ: the Formosan sweetgum tree, Liquidambar formosana
  2. in certain kanji compounds, the maple tree
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as フウ.

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pung) (hangeul , revised pung, McCune-Reischauer p'ung, Yale phung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.