U+6842, 桂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6842

[U+6841]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6843]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

Stroke order
 

(Kangxi radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木土土 (DGG), four-corner 44914, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 525, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1193, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6842

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kʷeːs) : semantic + phonetic (OC *kʷeː).

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuei⁵¹/
Harbin /kuei⁵³/
Tianjin /kuei⁵³/
Jinan /kuei²¹/
Qingdao /kue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuei³¹²/
Xi'an /kuei⁴⁴/
Xining /kuɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuei¹³/
Lanzhou /kuei¹³/
Ürümqi /kuei²¹³/
Wuhan /kuei³⁵/
Chengdu /kuei¹³/
Guiyang /kuei²¹³/
Kunming /kuei²¹²/
Nanjing /kuəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /kue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuei³⁵/
Hohhot /kuei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kue³⁵/
Suzhou /kue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kui⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kue³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕye⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kui⁵³/
Taoyuan /kui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐi³³/
Nanning /kʷɐi³³/
Hong Kong /kwɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /kui²¹/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /kiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ky³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /kui²¹³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /kui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (40)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter kwejH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kweiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷeiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwɛjH/
Li
Rong
/kueiH/
Wang
Li
/kiweiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiweiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwai3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4579
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷeːs/

Definitions edit

  1. osmanthus; sweet osmanthus
  2. cassia; Chinese cinnamon
  3. true cinnamon; Saigon cinnamon; Indonesian cinnamon
  4. laurel; bay laurel
  5. of or relating to Guilin, Guangxi, or the region of the Gui River
  6. a surname

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“mandarin fish; Chinese perch”).
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the katsura, the Japanese Judas tree
  2. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  3. the sweet osmanthus tree

Readings edit

Compounds edit

 
(カツラ): katsura leaves and fruit
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
かつら
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (ka, fragrance, good smell) +‎ (zu, to come out, to put something out) + (ra, nominalizing suffix): "that which puts out a good smell", from the way the wood smells good.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(かつら) (katsura

  1. the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum, also called the Japanese Judas tree
  2. less commonly, the smaller Cercidiphyllum magnificum tree, more specifically called the 広葉桂 or ヒロハカツラ (hiroha katsura, broadleaf katsura).
  3. a tree on the moon, from a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by Lauraceae trees budding, blossoming, then dropping their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons
  4. julienned raw daikon, used as a garnish for sashimi
  5. alternative word for 肉桂 (nikkei, the cinnamon or cassia tree) or 桂皮 (keihi, cinnamon or cassia bark)
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

(かつら) (Katsura

  1. a male given name
  2. a surname
  3. the west bank of the Katsura River in Kyōto
 
(めかつら) mekatsura (Cinnamomum) leaves and fruit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
めかつら
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Alternative spelling for 女桂 (mekatsura, female katsura), an archaic name for the cinnamon tree. Compare 男桂 (okatsura, male katsura: the katsura tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [me̞ka̠t͡sɨᵝɾa̠]

Noun edit

(めかつら) (mekatsura

  1. the cinnamon tree, or other closely related trees in genus Cinnamomum
Synonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kweiH).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けい) (kei

  1. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  2. common name for various other trees in family Lauraceae
  3. in China, the 木犀 (mokusei) or sweet osmanthus tree
Synonyms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by kei trees, which would bud, blossom, then drop their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けい) (kei

  1. (euphemistic) the moon
Synonyms edit
 
将棋の: shōgi knight

Etymology 5 edit

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Abbreviation of 桂馬 (keima), the knight in 将棋 (shōgi, Japanese chess).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(けい) (kei

  1. the knight in 将棋 (shōgi, Japanese chess)
Synonyms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 계수나무 (gyesunamu gye))

  1. Hanja form? of (cinnamon).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: quế

  1. cinnamon