See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰrɯɡ): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯːɡ)

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水月金弓 (EBCN), four-corner 32100, composition)

  1. measure, estimate, conjecture

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 635, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17780
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1041, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1674, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6E2C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sʰə²¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sʰei²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
/t͡sʰei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰe³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰe²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐk̚⁵/
/t͡sʰak̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐk̚⁵/
/t͡sʰak̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/sɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰik̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰiək̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
che
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]rək/
English fathom (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16602
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰrɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheuk) (hangeul , revised cheuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŭk, Yale chuk)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trắc)

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