See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月金戈十 (BCIJ), four-corner 63850)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1208, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1672, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3637, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CCA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zɯːɡ): phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯːɡ) + semantic  ‎(weapon).

This was misinterpreted as a compound of (“money”) and (“weapon”) to produce the modern form.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sei³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sei²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sei⁴⁵/
/t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sei⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡se⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡suei⁴²/
/t͡sei⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sei²⁴/
Xining /t͡sɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sei⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sei⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡suei³¹/
/t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡suei²¹/
Kunming /t͡sei³¹/
Nanjing /t͡suəi²⁴/
/t͡səʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡se⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sei¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ze²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sei²⁴/
/t͡sʰə⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰet̚⁵/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰet̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰak̚²/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰak̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚⁵/
/t͡sʰat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zək̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zək̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡zək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16596
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. thief
  2. bandit; robber
  3. traitor

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 小偷 ("(petty) thief")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Formal Formal 小偷
Mandarin Beijing 小偷兒
Taiwan 小偷
Tianjin 小偷兒
Jinan 小偷兒
Xi'an 賊娃子
Wuhan 強徒小偷
Chengdu 賊娃子
Yangzhou 小偷強盜
Hefei 小偷小賊
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼠摸賊仔
Hong Kong 賊仔
Taishan 鼠摸
Yangjiang 鼠賊
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 賊牯賊仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 賊仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 賊仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 賊仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping 賊仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 賊囝
Min Nan Quanzhou 賊仔
Xiamen 賊仔
Zhangzhou 賊仔
Taipei 賊仔
Kaohsiung 勍仔
Tainan 賊仔
Taichung 賊仔
Yilan 勍仔
Lukang 賊仔
Sanxia 賊仔
Kinmen 鼠賊仔
Magong
Hsinchu 賊仔
Malaysia
Chaozhou 鼠賊囝
Wu Suzhou 賊骨頭小賊
Wenzhou 小偷兒
Xiang Changsha 賊老倌賊牯子
Shuangfeng 賊牯子

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
ぞく
Grade: S
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. thief
  2. rebel

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeok) (hangeul , revised jeok, McCune-Reischauer chŏk, Yale cek)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tặc, giặc)

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