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See also:
U+5FC5, 必
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FC5

[U+5FC4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FC6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心竹 (PH), four-corner 33000, composition丿)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 375, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 701, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FC5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mpriɡs, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*mpriɡs
*priɡs
*priɡs
*priɡs, *bliːɡ, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*priɡs, *priɡ
*priɡs, *bliɡ, *briɡ
*pliŋs, *mbliːɡ
*bliːɡ, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*mbliːɡ
*pliɡ, *bliɡ
*pliɡ
*pliɡ
*bliɡ, *briɡ
*bliɡ, *briɡ
*bliɡ
*bliɡ
*mriɡ, *mliɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*smriɡ, *smriɡ
*sriɡ
*sriɡ
*blɯɡ

Etymology unclear – an ideogram or pictogram of some sort. Unrelated to , as bronze script makes clear, but in current form very similar.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pit̚⁵/
Nanning /pit̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pit̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pit̚/
Li
Rong
/piĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*pi[t]/
English necessarily

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 568
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pliɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. surely; most certainly
  2. must

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. inevitably, certainly

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 必殺 (hissatsu): definite kill
  • 必修 (hisshū): required (subject)
  • 必勝 (hisshō): certain victory
  • 必須 (hissu): indispensable, required
  • 必須条件 (hissu jōken): essential condition
  • 必然 (hitsuzen): inevitable, necessary
  • 必然的 (hitsuzenteki): inevitable, necessary

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pil) (hangeul , revised pil, McCune-Reischauer p'il, Yale phil)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tất, ắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.