See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日弓水竹口 (ANEHR), four-corner 77164)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1338, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41429
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1844, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4310, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+95CA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuo⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuo⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuo⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuə²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰuo²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuo²¹/
Xining /kʰu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuo²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰue³¹/
Guiyang /kʰuɛ²¹/
Kunming /kʰo³¹/
Nanjing /kʰueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kʰuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʰuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰuəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kʰuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰuoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰuaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kʰo²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuɵʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚¹/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fut̚³/
Nanning /fut̚³³/
Hong Kong /fut̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuat̚³²/
/kʰuaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xua⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑt̚/ /kʰuɑt̚/ /kʰuɑt̚/ /kʰʷɑt̚/ /kʰwat̚/ /kʰuɑt̚/ /kʰuɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuò ‹ khwat › /*[k]ʰˤot/ 契闊 khet.khwat hard-working (Ode 31.4)
kuò ‹ khwat › /*[k]ʷʰˤat/ widely apart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7584 3 /*kʰoːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. broad, wide

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwal) (hangeul , revised hwal, McCune-Reischauer hwal, Yale hwal)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khoát, khoắt)

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