See also: 东西

ChineseEdit

east west
trad. (東西) 西
simp. (东西) 西
 
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EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Many theories exist. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “needs a summary”)

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (16)
Final () (1) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /sɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /sɛj/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /siei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /siei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dung1 sai1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ sej ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*s-nˁər/
English east west

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2435 13236
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*sɯːl/
Notes

NounEdit

東西

  1. east and west
  2. nearby; vicinity
  3. everywhere
  4. (literary) seventy to eighty years old

AdverbEdit

東西

  1. from east to west

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • dōngxi - standard in China;
  • dōngxī - common in Singapore and Malaysia.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Nan
  • Xiang
  • NounEdit

    東西

    1. (chiefly Mandarin, Gan, Hakka, Jin, Xiang) thing; stuff; something (Classifier: ; ; )
      東西 / 东西  ―  Wǒ yǒu dōngxi yào gěi nǐ.  ―  I have something for you.
      東西 [MSC, trad.]
      东西 [MSC, simp.]
      Bǎ wǒ de dōngxi huán gěi wǒ. [Pinyin]
      Give my stuff back.
      東西 [MSC, trad.]
      东西 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ hái yǒu hěn duō dōngxi yào xué. [Pinyin]
      I still have a lot to learn.
      存在東西怎麼能夠 [MSC, trad.]
      存在东西怎么能够 [MSC, simp.]
      Bù cúnzài de dōngxi, wǒ zěnme nénggòu kàn de dào? [Pinyin]
      How can I see that which does not exist?
    2. Referring to a person or animal with emotion.
    Usage notesEdit
    • In Mandarin, whilst 東西/东西 can mean a thing in either a physical or abstract sense, 事情 (shìqing) only means a thing in an abstract sense.
    SynonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • White Hmong: toobxib

    JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    西
    とう
    Grade: 2
    さい > ざい
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese 東西 (MC tuŋ sei). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) The sai of 西 changes to zai due to rendaku (連濁).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (とう)西(ざい) (tōzai

    1. (collective) east and west
    2. (by extension) all over, here and there
    3. Orient and Occident
    4. (slang) a name of a good or money, originally a Chinese slang term

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    InterjectionEdit

    (とう)西(ざい) (tōzai

    1. Synonym of 東西東西 (your attention please; hear ye)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN