See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːd): phonetic 𠯑 + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹口中弓 (HRLN), four-corner 22600, composition)

  1. shave, pare off, scrape
  2. to blow (simplified from )

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 138, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 314, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 335, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+522E

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
Harbin /kua²¹³/ ~風
/kʰua⁴⁴/ ~鬍子
Tianjin /kuɑ¹³/
Jinan /kua²¹³/
/kʰua²¹³/ ~臉
Qingdao /kua⁵⁵/ ~風
/kʰua⁵⁵/ ~臉
Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
Xi'an /kua²¹/
Xining /kua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kua¹³/
Lanzhou /kua¹³/
Ürümqi /kua²¹³/
Wuhan /kua²¹³/
Chengdu /kua³¹/
Guiyang /kua²¹/
Kunming /kua̠³¹/
Nanjing /kuɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuaʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/ ~風
/kuɑ¹³/ ~鬍子
Hohhot /kuaʔ⁴³/ ~風
/kua³¹/ 耳~子
Wu Shanghai /kuaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kua²⁴/
Xiangtan /kuɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuat̚¹/
Taoyuan /kuɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwat̚³/
Nanning /kʷat̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuat̚³²/
/kuaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaʔ²/
/kueʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (72)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣuat̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɯat̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kuat̚/
Wang
Li
/kwat̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwăt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gua
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guā
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæt ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʷˤ]r[a]t/
English scrape (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7559
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwal) (hangeul , revised gwal, McCune-Reischauer kwal)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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