See also: and
U+5BEC, 寬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BEC

[U+5BEB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BED]

Translingual

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Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Alternative forms

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  • In Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japanese kanji, Korean hanja and Vietnamese Nôm, the component above is written with (ram's horn component), which is the orthodox form found in the Kangxi dictionary.
  • In mainland China (based on Xin Zixing, 新字形), the component above is written with (grass radical).

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 40, +12 in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 宀+11 in mainland China, 15 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 14 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 十廿月戈 (JTBI), four-corner 30216, composition or (G) or (HTJKV))

Usage notes

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This character is not to be confused with (U+5BDB), a Japanese shinjitai character, which has one dot missing and is encoded as a separate character.

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 292, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7322
  • Dae Jaweon: page 578, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5BEC

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kʰoːn) : semantic (house) + phonetic (OC *ɡoːn, goat)—a spacious house.

See also .

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • khoan - literary;
  • khoaⁿ - vernacular.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: kuang1 / kuêng1 / kuan1 / kuan3
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: khuang / khueng / khuaⁿ / khuàⁿ
      • Sinological IPA (key): /kʰuaŋ³³/, /kʰueŋ³³/, /kʰũã³³/, /kʰũã²¹³/
Note:
  • kuang1/kuêng1 - literary (kuêng1 - Chaozhou);
  • kuan1 - vernacular ("slow", also written as );
  • kuan3 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter khwan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwan/
Li
Rong
/kʰuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fun1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰˁa[n]/
English vast, wide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːn/

Definitions

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  1. wide; broad
    馬路 [MSC, trad.]
    马路 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè tiáo xīn xiū de mǎlù hěn kuān. [Pinyin]
    This newly constructed road is wide.
    Antonym:
  2. width
    中國國旗 [MSC, trad.]
    中国国旗 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó guóqí de kuān shì cháng de sān fēn zhī èr. [Pinyin]
    The width of a Chinese flag is two-thirds its length.
    河面二十 [MSC, trad.]
    河面二十 [MSC, simp.]
    Hémiàn yǒu èrshí mǐ kuān. [Pinyin]
    The river surface is 20 metres wide.
  3. generous; magnanimous; lenient
  4. to relax; to relieve
  5. comfortably off; well-off
  6. to take off
      ―  kuān  ―  to take off one's clothes
  7. (Southern Min) slow
    [Hokkien]  ―  khoan-khoan [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  slowly
    [Teochew]  ―  kuan1 kuan1 gian5 [Peng'im]  ―  walk slowly

Synonyms

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  • (wide):
  • (slow):

Antonyms

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  • (antonym(s) of wide): (zhǎi)

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

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(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. tolerant; lenient; generous

Readings

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Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 너그러울 (neogeureoul gwan))

  1. Hanja form? of (broad, wide, spacious).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: khoan, khoăn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.