English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology

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From Middle English lune, luna (the moon), from Latin lūna/Lūna, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂. Doublet of Roxane.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Luna

  1. (Roman mythology) The sister of Aurora and Sol; the goddess of the moon; equivalent to the Greek Selene.
  2. (chiefly science fiction or poetic) The name of Earth's moon; Moon.
    • 1868, George Villiers Duke of Buckingham, Edward Arber, The Rehearsal: With Illustrations from Previous Plays, Etc, page 129:
      Luna that ne'er shines by day.
    • 1896, The Era Almanack, Dramatic & Musical, page 22:
      He has but little prudence, no apprehension of consequences, and none of that melancholy which in tempraments of Luna and Venus is generally felt, and from which he is saved by the combination of Mars and Mercury.
    • 1909, Govind H. Keskar, Combined Introductory Astrology, page 14:
      The different visible shapes of Luna are called her phases.
    • 2011, Charles Lee Lesher, Aldrin Station - Rise of Luna:
      Lagrange point L1 is the perfect location for humanity's next major space station, the natural gateway to the moon. This one-of-a-kind point in space is located on the direct line between Earth and Luna about 200,000 miles from Earth, or conversely, a mere 39,000 miles above the geometric center of Luna's nearside.
  3. A female given name from Latin.
    • 1837, James Hogg, “The Mysterious Bride”, in Talks and Sketches: The Shepherd's Calendar, Blackie & Son, page 343:
      - - - and it so happened, that in one of old Bryan's daughters named Luna, or more familiarly Loony, he perceived, or thought he perceived, some imaginary similarity in form and air to the lovely apparition.
    • 2003, J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Bloomsbury Publishing, →ISBN, page 236:
      A few seconds later, Luna Lovegood emerged, trailing behind the rest of the class, a smudge of earth on her nose, and her hair tied in a knot on the top of her head.

Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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Noun

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Luna (uncountable)

  1. (heraldry, rare) Argent (silver), in the postmedieval practice of blazoning the tinctures of certain sovereigns' (especially British monarchs') coats as planets.
    • 1693, Richard Blome, The Art of Heraldry, in two parts ... second edition ..., pages 76-77:
      4. Luna, a Mantle of Estate, Mars doubled Ermine, ouched Sol, garnished with Strings fastned thereunto fretways dependent, and tasselled of the same. [...] These Arms do belong to the Town of Beckbock in Wales.
    • 1718, Samuel Kent, The Grammar of Heraldry [...] Second Edition:
      George [...] Ist. Mars, three Lions passant guardant in Pale Sol, for the Arms of England, Impal'd with Scotland, i.e. Sol, a Lion rampant within a double Tressure counterflory Mars. 2d. Jupiter, three Fleurs de Lis Sol, for the Arms of France. 3d. Jupiter, an Irish Harp Sol, stringed Luna, for Ireland. 4th. Seme party per Pale, and per Chevron enarche, in the Ist Mars, two Lions passant guardant Sol, for Brunswick. In the 2d Partition Sol, semy of Hearts Mars, and a Lion rampant Jupiter, armed and langued of the First, for Luneburg. The base is Mars, a Horse currant Luna, over these last on an Inescocheon, Constantine's Crown.
    • 1735, Francis Nichols, The Irish Compendium [...] vol. III of the British Compendium, second edition, page 80:
      8. Tierce in Mantle, first Mars, two Lions passant-guardant in pale, Sol, for Brunswick; 2d Sol, Semi of Hearts proper, a Lion rampant Jupiter, for Lunenburgh; 3d, ente en Point, Mars, an Horse currant Luna, for Saxony.
    • 1737, Benjamin Martin, Bibliotheca Technologica: Or, a Philological Library, page 631:
      The third, the Ensign of Ireland, which is, Jupiter, an Harp Sol, stringed Luna.
  2. (obsolete, alchemy, chemistry) Silver.

See also

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Anagrams

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Cebuano

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Etymology 1

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From Spanish luna, from Latin lūna.

Proper noun

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Luna

  1. a female given name from Spanish

Etymology 2

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From Spanish luna, from dialectal Aragonese luna (lights).

Proper noun

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Luna

  1. a surname from Aragonese

Etymology 3

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From English luna, from Latin lūna, by way of Middle English lune, luna (the moon).

Proper noun

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Luna

  1. (Roman mythology) Luna; the goddess of the moon; the sister of Aurora and Sol;

Danish

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Proper noun

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Luna

  1. (Roman mythology) Luna
  2. a female given name of modern usage

Finnish

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Etymology

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From Latin Luna.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlunɑ/, [ˈlunɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -unɑ
  • Syllabification(key): Lu‧na

Proper noun

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Luna

  1. a female given name

Declension

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Inflection of Luna (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative Luna Lunat
genitive Lunan Lunien
partitive Lunaa Lunia
illative Lunaan Luniin
singular plural
nominative Luna Lunat
accusative nom. Luna Lunat
gen. Lunan
genitive Lunan Lunien
Lunain rare
partitive Lunaa Lunia
inessive Lunassa Lunissa
elative Lunasta Lunista
illative Lunaan Luniin
adessive Lunalla Lunilla
ablative Lunalta Lunilta
allative Lunalle Lunille
essive Lunana Lunina
translative Lunaksi Luniksi
abessive Lunatta Lunitta
instructive Lunin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Luna (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Lunani Lunani
accusative nom. Lunani Lunani
gen. Lunani
genitive Lunani Lunieni
Lunaini rare
partitive Lunaani Luniani
inessive Lunassani Lunissani
elative Lunastani Lunistani
illative Lunaani Luniini
adessive Lunallani Lunillani
ablative Lunaltani Luniltani
allative Lunalleni Lunilleni
essive Lunanani Luninani
translative Lunakseni Lunikseni
abessive Lunattani Lunittani
instructive
comitative Lunineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Lunasi Lunasi
accusative nom. Lunasi Lunasi
gen. Lunasi
genitive Lunasi Luniesi
Lunaisi rare
partitive Lunaasi Luniasi
inessive Lunassasi Lunissasi
elative Lunastasi Lunistasi
illative Lunaasi Luniisi
adessive Lunallasi Lunillasi
ablative Lunaltasi Luniltasi
allative Lunallesi Lunillesi
essive Lunanasi Luninasi
translative Lunaksesi Luniksesi
abessive Lunattasi Lunittasi
instructive
comitative Luninesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Lunamme Lunamme
accusative nom. Lunamme Lunamme
gen. Lunamme
genitive Lunamme Luniemme
Lunaimme rare
partitive Lunaamme Luniamme
inessive Lunassamme Lunissamme
elative Lunastamme Lunistamme
illative Lunaamme Luniimme
adessive Lunallamme Lunillamme
ablative Lunaltamme Luniltamme
allative Lunallemme Lunillemme
essive Lunanamme Luninamme
translative Lunaksemme Luniksemme
abessive Lunattamme Lunittamme
instructive
comitative Luninemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Lunanne Lunanne
accusative nom. Lunanne Lunanne
gen. Lunanne
genitive Lunanne Lunienne
Lunainne rare
partitive Lunaanne Lunianne
inessive Lunassanne Lunissanne
elative Lunastanne Lunistanne
illative Lunaanne Luniinne
adessive Lunallanne Lunillanne
ablative Lunaltanne Luniltanne
allative Lunallenne Lunillenne
essive Lunananne Luninanne
translative Lunaksenne Luniksenne
abessive Lunattanne Lunittanne
instructive
comitative Luninenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Lunansa Lunansa
accusative nom. Lunansa Lunansa
gen. Lunansa
genitive Lunansa Luniensa
Lunainsa rare
partitive Lunaansa Luniaan
Luniansa
inessive Lunassaan
Lunassansa
Lunissaan
Lunissansa
elative Lunastaan
Lunastansa
Lunistaan
Lunistansa
illative Lunaansa Luniinsa
adessive Lunallaan
Lunallansa
Lunillaan
Lunillansa
ablative Lunaltaan
Lunaltansa
Luniltaan
Luniltansa
allative Lunalleen
Lunallensa
Lunilleen
Lunillensa
essive Lunanaan
Lunanansa
Luninaan
Luninansa
translative Lunakseen
Lunaksensa
Lunikseen
Luniksensa
abessive Lunattaan
Lunattansa
Lunittaan
Lunittansa
instructive
comitative Lunineen
Luninensa

Statistics

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  • Luna is the 400th most common female given name in Finland, belonging to 1,008 female individuals (and as a middle name to 430 more), and also belongs to 11 male individuals (and as a middle name to 6 more), according to February 2023 data from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency of Finland.

German

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Etymology

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(Roman mythology): Latin Lūna

Proper noun

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Luna

  1. (Roman mythology) Luna
  2. a female given name of modern usage

Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology

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From Latin Lūna, from Old Latin losna, from Proto-Italic *louksnā, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂, derived from the root *lewk- (bright). Cognates include Armenian լուսին (lusin), Spanish luna, Portuguese lua, Romanian lună, Russian луна́ (luná).

 
 

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈlu.na/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Homophone: luna
  • Rhymes: -una
  • Hyphenation: Lù‧na

Proper noun

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Luna f

  1. (astronomy, astrology) the Moon
    • c. 1226, Francis of Assisi, Cantico delle creature [Canticle of the Creatures]‎[1]; copied, (manuscript), c. mid 13th century, page 2:
      Lauꝺato ſi miſignore ꝑ ſora luna ele ſtelle. in celu lai foꝛmate clarite ⁊ p̄tioſe ⁊ belle. (Umbria)
      [Laudato si' mi' signore per sora luna e le stelle, in cielu l'hai formate clarite et preziose et belle.]
      Praised be you, my Lord, through Sister Moon and the stars; in heaven you have made them clear and precious and beautiful.
    • mid 1300smid 1310s, Dante Alighieri, “Canto VII”, in Inferno [Hell]‎[2], lines 64–66; republished as Giorgio Petrocchi, editor, La Commedia secondo l'antica vulgata [The Commedia according to the ancient vulgate]‎[3], 2nd revised edition, Florence: publ. Le Lettere, 1994:
      ["] [] tutto l’oro ch’è sotto la luna
      e che già fu, di quest’anime stanche
      non poterebbe farne posare una".
      " [] all the gold that is—and ever was—under the Moon couldn't make a single one of these tired souls rest."
    • 1516–1532, Ludovico Ariosto, “Canto 34”, in Orlando furioso, stanza 67; republished as Santorre Debenedetti, editor, Bari: Laterza, 1928:
      Nel cerchio de la luna a menar t’aggio,
      che dei pianeti a noi piú prossima erra,
      perché la medicina che può saggio
      rendere Orlando, lá dentro si serra.
      I shall lead you to the circle of the Moon—which, among the planets, wanders closest to us—for the medicine that can make Orlando wise is hidden in there.
    • mid 1560s [29–19 BCE], “Libro primo”, in Annibale Caro, transl., Eneide, translation of Aeneis by Publius Vergilius Maro (in Classical Latin), lines 1204, 1207–1208; republished as L’Eneide di Virgilio[4], Florence: G. Barbera, 1892:
      Il biondo Iopa []
      []
      Cantò le vie che drittamente torte
      Rendon vaga la luna e buio il sole
      [original: crīnītus Iōpās [] canit errantem lūnam sōlisque labōres]
      The blond-haired Iopas [] sang of the straightforwardly contorted ways which make the Moon errant, and the Sun dark
    • 1810 [c. 8th century BCE], “Libro XIX”, in Vincenzo Monti, transl., Iliade, translation of Ῑ̓λιάς (Īliás, Iliad) by Homer (in Epic Greek), lines 373–376; republished as Iliade di Omero[5], 4th edition, Milan: Società tipografica dei classici italiani, 1825:
      [] s’imbracciò lo scudo,
      Che immenso e saldo di lontan splendea
      Come luna, o qual foco ai naviganti
      Sovr’alta apparso solitaria cima
      [original: αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα σάκος μέγα τε στιβαρόν τε
      εἵλετο, τοῦ δ’ ἀπάνευθε σέλας γένετ’ ἠΰτε μήνης.
      ὡς δ’ ὅτ’ ἂν ἐκ πόντοιο σέλας ναύτῃσι φανήῃ
      καιομένοιο πυρός, τό τε καίεται ὑψόθ’ ὄρεσφι
      σταθμῷ ἐν οἰοπόλῳ []
      ]
      autàr épeita sákos méga te stibarón te
      heíleto, toû d’ apáneuthe sélas génet’ ēǘte mḗnēs.
      hōs d’ hót’ àn ek póntoio sélas naútēisi phanḗēi
      kaioménoio purós, tó te kaíetai hupsóth’ óresphi
      stathmôi en oiopólōi []
      he [Achilles] took up his shield, which—immense and steady—shone from the distance, as the Moon, or as a fire, appearing to seafarers upon a tall, lonely mountaintop
  2. (mythology, Roman mythology) Luna
    Synonym: (Greek mythology) Selene
  3. (heraldry) a full moon
  4. a female given name from Latin
    (derived) Lunella, Lunetta, Lunina
  5. a surname

Derived terms

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See also

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Solar System in Italian · sistema solare (layout · text)
Star Sole
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Mercurio Venere Terra Marte Cerere Giove Saturno Urano Nettuno Plutone Eris (Eride)
Notable
moons
Luna Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganimede
Callisto
Mimas
Encelado
Teti
Dione
Rea
Titano
Giapeto

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Tritone Caronte Disnomia

Anagrams

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Latin

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amphitheātrum Lūnae (amphitheater at Luna)

Etymology

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The same word as lūna (moon), taken as a proper noun.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Lūna f sg (genitive Lūnae); first declension

  1. (astronomy) Alternative letter-case form of lūna (the Moon)
  2. (Roman mythology) Luna (the moon goddess)

Declension

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First-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Lūna
Genitive Lūnae
Dative Lūnae
Accusative Lūnam
Ablative Lūnā
Vocative Lūna

Proper noun

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Lūna f sg (genitive Lūnae); first declension

  1. A city in Etruria, situated on the left bank of the Macra

Declension

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First-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Lūna
Genitive Lūnae
Dative Lūnae
Accusative Lūnam
Ablative Lūnā
Vocative Lūna
Locative Lūnae

Derived terms

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References

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  • Luna in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Luna”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Hungarian Lóna, from Old Church Slavonic ловьна (lovĭna), feminine of ловьнъ (lovĭnŭ), from ловъ (lovŭ) +‎ -ьнъ (-ĭnŭ).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Luna f

  1. A commune of Cluj, Romania
  2. A village in Luna, Cluj, Romania
  3. A locality in Negrești-Oaș, Satu Mare, Romania

Slovene

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Etymology

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See lúna.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Lúna f

  1. the Moon (of Earth)

Inflection

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The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nominative Lúna
genitive Lúne
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Lúna
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
Lúne
dative
(dajȃlnik)
Lúni
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
Lúno
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Lúni
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Lúno

Synonyms

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See also

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Spanish

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Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈluna/ [ˈlu.na]
  • Rhymes: -una
  • Syllabification: Lu‧na

Etymology 1

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From Latin lūna.

Proper noun

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Luna f

  1. Earth's Moon
    La Luna es el único satélite natural de la Tierra.
    The Moon is the Earth's only natural satellite.
  2. a female given name of modern usage

Etymology 2

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From dialectal Aragonese luna (lights), a habitational name for someone living by an open courtyard.

Proper noun

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Luna f

  1. a surname from Aragonese

Tagalog

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish Luna.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Luna (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜓᜈ)

  1. a female given name from Spanish
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