See also: ROM, Rom., Róm, rom, ròm, róm, røm, rơm, rởm, rớm, and řom

English

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A Rom (Romani) musician in the Czech Republic.

Etymology 1

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From Romani rrom (Romani man), probably ultimately from Sanskrit डोम (ḍoma, member of a low caste of travelling musicians and dancers). See some more information at Roma.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt) and cognates of tzigane (words derived from Greek); see those entries for more information.

Not related to Romanian or Roman.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Rom

  1. The ethnic designation used by the Romani people from Eastern Europe.
  2. (rare) The Romani language.
Translations
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Noun

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Rom (plural Roms or Roma)

  1. A member of the Romani people.
  2. (in particular) A male member of the Romani people who is married and considered respectable amongst the family.
Synonyms
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(member):

Hyponyms
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(member): Sinto, Romanichal

Translations
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Adjective

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Rom (not comparable)

  1. (rare) Romani: of or pertaining to the Roma people.
Translations
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Etymology 2

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 River Rom on Wikipedia

Back-formation from Romford.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Rom

  1. A short river in Greater London which flows into the River Thames.

See also

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Anagrams

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Cebuano

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Proper noun

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Rom

  1. a surname

Czech

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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Rom m anim (female equivalent Romka)

  1. a Roma
    Synonym: Cikán

Usage notes

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  • The term Cikán is often intentionally derogatory and is therefore considered racist by many. Consequently, careful speakers use this term instead. Cikán is still the prevailing term in informal Czech and in historical usage, however.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Danish

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Proper noun

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Rom

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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Rom m (plural Roms or Roma)

  1. (often in the plural) Rom (member of the Roma people), Romani
    Synonym: (sometimes offensive) zigeuner

French

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Noun

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Rom m (plural Roms)

  1. a Roma

German

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Etymology 1

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From Middle High German Rōme, from Old High German Rōma, a relatinisation of Rūma, from Proto-West Germanic *Rūmu.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Rom n (proper noun, genitive Roms or (optionally with an article) Rom, plural (rare) Rom or Roms)

  1. Rome
    1. The capital city of Italy
    2. A former province of Italy
    3. The Italian government
    4. The Holy See, Vatican
    5. (historical) The Roman empire
    6. (historical, usually specified as Ostrom etc.) Constantinople, Byzantium
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Romani rrom (Romani man); see there for more.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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Rom m (strong, genitive Roms, plural Roma, feminine Romni)

  1. (often in the plural) Rom (member of the Roma people), Romani
    Synonym: (sometimes offensive) Zigeuner
    Hyponym: Sinto
Declension
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Further reading

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper noun

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Rom

  1. Alternative form of Roma: Rome (the capital city of Italy)

Derived terms

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Old English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *Rūmu.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Rōm f

  1. Rome

Declension

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Middle English: Rome
    • English: Rome
    • Scots: Roum, Rome

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Borrowed from Romani rrom, probably ultimately from Sanskrit डोम (ḍoma, member of a low caste of travelling musicians and dancers).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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Rom m pers (female equivalent Romka)

  1. Romani
    Synonym: Cygan

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjective

Further reading

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  • Rom in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Rom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Saterland Frisian

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n Rom.

Etymology

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From Old Frisian *ram, from Proto-Germanic *rammaz. Cognates include West Frisian raam and German Ramme.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈrɔm/
  • Hyphenation: Rom

Noun

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Rom m

  1. ram (male sheep)

Hypernyms

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Coordinate terms

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References

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  • Marron C. Fort (2015) “Rom”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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Rȏm m (Cyrillic spelling Ро̑м)

  1. Rom (male Romani person)

Declension

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Derived terms

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Swedish

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Proper noun

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Rom n (genitive Roms)

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)
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See also

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Anagrams

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Volapük

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Proper noun

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Rom

  1. Rome (the capital city of Italy)