Last modified on 11 March 2015, at 08:45

alus

EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ala- +‎ -us.

NounEdit

alus (genitive aluse, partitive alust)

  1. bottom
  2. watercraft

DeclensionEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɑlus]
  • Hyphenation: a‧lus

NounEdit

alus

  1. vessel, craft, ship (vehicle designed for navigation in or on water or air or through outer space)
  2. underlay (anything underlaid)
  3. (grammar, rare) subject

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatvianEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Alus on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Alus

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *alu-, from Proto-Indo-European *alu-, *h₂elu- (bitter). A minoritary view considers the Latvian and Lithuanian terms to be ultimately borrowings from Germanic, via Old Prussian. Cognates include Lithuanian alùs, Old Prussian alu (honey drink), Old East Slavic олъ (olŭ, strong drink), Bulgarian оловина (olovína, beer yeast), Slovene ôl (beer), Old English ealu, alu, English ale, Old Norse ǫl (beer; feast), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alus m (3rd declension)

  1. beer (alcoholic beverage usually made with barley malt and hops)
    gaišais alus — lager (lit. light beer)
    tumšais alus — dark beer
    alus mucabeer barrel, keg
    alus kaussbeer mug
    alus darītava — brewery (lit. beer making place)
    alus rūpniecībabeer industry
    darīt, brūvēt alu — to make, to brew beer
    Jāņiem tika brūvēts alus, un nu staigāja no mutes uz muti liela, zaļa māla krūze, putām pārsegta, rūgteni smaržīga dzēriena pilna — in midsummer beer was brewed, and then a big, green clay jug went from mouth to mouth, covered with foam and full of (that) bitter, aromatic drink

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “alus” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *alu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-.

Cognate with Common Slavic *olъ (beer) and Old Prussian alu (beer).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alùs m (plural ãlūs) stress pattern 4

  1. beer

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Rick Derksen (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 370