See also: bèk, bėk, bek., бек, and век

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian бек (bek). Doublet of bey and beg.

NounEdit

bek (plural beks)

  1. Alternative form of bey (Turkish governor)

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch bek, from Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bek (plural bekke, diminutive bekkie)

  1. beak
  2. mouth of an animal
  3. (derogatory) mouth of a human

BahnarEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bek

  1. fat

BalineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Javanese kebak.

AdjectiveEdit

bek

  1. full

BasqueEdit

NounEdit

bek

  1. ergative indefinite of be

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

bek m inan

  1. bleat
    • 1902, Josef K. Šlejhar, Temno[1], J. Otto, page 210:
      V tu dobu zase žalný bekot telátka přerývavě zazněl z chléva. Nejistý, bázlivý byl to bek […]
      Sad bleating was heard disjointedly from the barn in that time. It was uncertain, timid bleating […]
  2. cry
    • 1900, Holeček, Josef, Květy[2], volume 45:
      Frantík tentokrát nedal se pro sklamání do beku.
      This time Frantík didn't start crying because of his disappointment.
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

InterjectionEdit

bek

  1. (onomatopoeia) The characteristic bark of a roe deer.
    • 2015, Karel Čapek, Hordubal[3], KKnihy.cz, →ISBN, page 37:
      Bek, bek, povídá, zadupe kopýtky a kluše dál.
      "Bark, bark", she says, stamps with her little hooves and keeps trotting.

Etymology 2Edit

From back, which was borrowed from English back. See also bachyně.[1]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bek m

  1. (animate, colloquial, sports) back [20th c.]
    • 1996, Bohumil Hrabal, Ze zápisníku zapisovatele[4], Praha: Pražská imaginace, →ISBN, page 251:
      Vojta Bradáč dvěma góly vyrovnal a pak zdánlivě kulhající Puč najednou nekulhal, obešel halvy, pak po něm vystartoval bek Černý, ale Puč dělovkou překonal brankáře Tichého a já jsem odcházel z hřiště smutný…
      Vojta Bradáč equalized with two goals and then seemingly limping Puč suddenly wasn't limping, got through the half-backs, then back Černý started off against him, but Puč defeated goalkeeper Tichý with a hard shot and I was leaving the pitch sad…
  2. (inanimate, colloquial, sports) defense (portion of a team dedicated to defending) [20th c.]
    • 1999, Vlasta Chramostová, Vlasta Chramostová[5], Brno: Doplněk, →ISBN, page 176:
      Standíkovi bylo třináct čtrnáct a hrál na beku.
      Standík was thirteen or fourteen and played in the defense.
DeclensionEdit

animate

inanimate

SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "bek" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 80.

Further readingEdit

  • bek in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bek in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɛk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bek
  • Rhymes: -ɛk

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec, from Latin beccus.

NounEdit

bek m (plural bekken, diminutive bekje n)

  1. a bird's beak
    De raaf had een stuk kaas in zijn bek.
    The raven held a piece of cheese in its beak.
    Synonym: snavel
  2. any animal's mouth (such as a snout)
  3. (informal, rude) a human mouth
    Hou je bek!
    Shut your trap!
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: bek
  • Negerhollands: biek
  • Papiamentu: bek (dated)

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

bek

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bekken
  2. imperative of bekken

IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛk]
  • Hyphenation: bèk

Etymology 1Edit

From English back, from Middle English bak, from Old English bæc, from Proto-Germanic *baką, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogo (literally bending).

NounEdit

bèk (first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (sports, soccer) back, in some team sports, a position behind most players on the team.

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown, probably from Dutch beg, from Ottoman Turkish بك(beg), from Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏(b²g /bég/, chief, titled man).

NounEdit

bèk (first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (obsolete) chief of a village.

Further readingEdit


PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English back.

AdjectiveEdit

bek

  1. back, again

NounEdit

bek

  1. back

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

bek m inan

  1. bleat (cry of a sheep or goat)
  2. (colloquial) wail
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bek m inan

  1. (informal) verbal noun of bekać

Etymology 3Edit

From English back.

NounEdit

bek m pers

  1. (dated, sports) defender
    Synonym: obrońca
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Romanian bec.

NounEdit

bek m inan

  1. (Bukovina) lightbulb
    Synonym: żarówka

Etymology 5Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

bek

  1. genitive plural of beka

Further readingEdit

  • bek in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SemaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *bək ~ *buk ~ *buək (to bind (round)). Cognate with Mon ဗိုက် (pàk, to put round), Vietnamese buộc (to bind), Central Nicobarese [Nancowry] pôk-hata/pôko (to bind, tie).

VerbEdit

bek[1]

  1. to bind; to tie

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Tok PisinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English bag.

NounEdit

bek

  1. bag

Etymology 2Edit

From English back.

AdverbEdit

bek

  1. back
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:19:
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
      →New International Version translation
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse bik, from Latin pix.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɪːk/, /bek/ (example of pronunciation)

NounEdit

bek n

  1. pitch; A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.

Related termsEdit