See also: Bera, béra, bēra, be̱ra, bērā, bëra, and berą

Atong (India)

edit

Etymology

edit

From (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

edit

bera

  1. fence

References

edit

Basque

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /beɾa/ [be.ɾa]
  • Rhymes: -eɾa
  • Hyphenation: be‧ra

Etymology 1

edit

From the Proto-Basque root *ber-.

Determiner

edit

bera (postposed)

  1. the same
    Ikasle bera izan da leihoa apurtu duena.That same student has broken the window.
Usage notes
edit
  • This term is used anaphorically, referencing a noun that has already been mentioned.
  • This term is declined differently depending on whether it's used as a determiner or a pronoun (unlike hau, hori and hura).
Declension
edit

Pronoun

edit

bera

  1. Third-person singular personal pronoun; he, she, it
    Synonym: hura
    Berarekin etorri zinen.You came with him/her.
  2. oneself, in person (used for greater emphasis)
    Nire amonak berak egingo ditu erosketak.My grandmother herself will do the shopping.
    Nire etxean bertan nago.I'm at my own house.
Usage notes
edit
  • Unlike the determiner, this term isn't used anaphorically. Rather, it is used as an emphatic version of hura (similar to the pair ni/neu).
  • This term is declined differently depending on whether it's used as a determiner or a pronoun (unlike hau, hori and hura).
  • When used in the second sense, both the noun and the pronoun are declined.
Declension
edit
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Proto-Basque *bera.

Adjective

edit

bera (comparative berago, superlative beren, excessive beregi)

  1. soft, smooth
  2. gentle, soft, mild
Declension
edit
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Noun

edit

bera

  1. allative singular of be

Further reading

edit
  • bera”, in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], Euskaltzaindia
  • bera”, in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], Euskaltzaindia, 1987–2005

Czech

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

bera

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of brát

Anagrams

edit

Faroese

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From berur.

Noun

edit

bera f (genitive singular beru, plural berur)

  1. clearing
Declension
edit
Declension of bera
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative bera beran berur berurnar
accusative beru beruna berur berurnar
dative beru beruni berum berunum
genitive beru berunnar bera beranna
Synonyms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Old Norse bera (to bear), from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb

edit

bera (takes accusative object, third person singular past indicative bar, third person plural past indicative bóru, supine borið)

  1. to bear, to carry
Conjugation
edit
Conjugation of bera (group v-54)
infinitive bera
supine borið
participle (a26)1 berandi borin
present past
first singular beri bar
second singular bert bart
third singular ber bar
plural bera bóru
imperative
singular ber!
plural berið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From the Old Norse bera (to bear), from Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Verb

edit

bera (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative bar, third-person plural past indicative báru, supine borið)

  1. (governs the accusative) to carry, to bear
  2. (governs the accusative, of cows and sheep) to give birth
  3. (impersonal) denotes an obligation or duty to do something
    • Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Icelandic, English)
      Hver maður er borinn frjáls og jafn öðrum að virðingu og réttindum. Menn eru gæddir vitsmunum og samvizku, og ber þeim að breyta bróðurlega hverjum við annan.
      All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
    Mér ber að fara í stríð.
    It is my duty to go to war.
Conjugation
edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms
edit
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Old Norse bera, from Proto-Germanic *bazōną.

Verb

edit

bera (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative beraði, supine berað)

  1. to bare
Conjugation
edit

Japanese

edit

Romanization

edit

bera

  1. Rōmaji transcription of べら
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ベラ

Kelabit

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-North Sarawak [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bəʀas, from Proto-Austronesian *bəʀas.

Noun

edit

bera

  1. rice ((raw) seeds used as food)

Khumi Chin

edit
 
Bera.

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Bengali ভেড়া (bheṛa).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bera

  1. sheep

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin[1], Payap University, page 74

Latin

edit

Adjective

edit

bēra

  1. inflection of bērus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective

edit

bērā

  1. ablative feminine singular of bērus

References

edit
  • bera”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bera”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Maltese

edit
Root
b-r-j
1 term

Etymology

edit

Probably from Sicilian brillari.

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

bera (imperfect jibri, past participle mibri, verbal noun biri)

  1. to shine

Conjugation

edit
    Conjugation of bera
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m brejt brejt bera brejna brejtu brew
f briet
imperfect m nibri tibri jibri nibru tibru jibru
f tibri
imperative ibri ibru

Norwegian Nynorsk

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /²bɛːra/, /²bɛr(ː)a/
  • Hyphenation: bè‧ra

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Norse bera, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-. Akin to English bear.

Alternative forms

edit

Verb

edit

bera (present tense ber, past tense bar, supine bore, past participle boren, present participle berande, imperative ber)

  1. to carry, bear
    Kor langt skal eg bera dette?
    How far shall I carry this?
    Vil isen bera oss?
    Will the ice bear us?
Derived terms
edit
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Noun

edit

bera f

  1. definite singular of bere

References

edit

Old English

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Germanic *berô (bear). Cognate with Old Frisian *bera, Old Saxon bero, Old Dutch *bero, Old High German bero. The oblique stem *bern- gave Old Norse bjǫrn.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bera m

  1. bear

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Middle English: bere, bier, beare, beore, bore
    • English: bear (see there for further descendants)
    • Scots: beir

Old Irish

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

bera

  1. genitive singular/dual of bir (spit)

Alternative forms

edit

Verb

edit

·bera

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive conjunct of beirid

Mutation

edit
Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bera bera
pronounced with /β(ʲ)-/
mbera
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Norse

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Proto-Germanic *beraną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (*bʰer- being the root). Compare Old English beran, Old Saxon beran, Old High German beran, Gothic 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan).

Verb

edit

bera

  1. to carry, to bear
Conjugation
edit
Descendants
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Proto-Germanic *bazōną.

Verb

edit

bera

  1. to make bare
Conjugation
edit
Descendants
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Somehow derived from Proto-Germanic *berô, whence also bjǫrn.

Noun

edit

bera f (genitive beru)

  1. female bear
    Synonym: birna
Declension
edit
Descendants
edit
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: bere f

Etymology 4

edit

Adjective

edit

bera

  1. inflection of berr:
    1. positive degree strong feminine accusative singular
    2. positive degree strong masculine accusative plural
    3. positive degree weak masculine oblique singular
    4. positive degree weak feminine nominative singular
    5. positive degree weak neuter singular

References

edit
  • bera1”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera2”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera3”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bera in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bera”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Polish

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French beurré.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛ.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛra
  • Syllabification: be‧ra

Noun

edit

bera f

  1. butter pear (a juicy, delicate-textured French variety of pear)

Declension

edit

Further reading

edit
  • bera in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bera in Polish dictionaries at PWN