योग

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the verbal root युनक्ति (√yuj, to yoke), from Proto-Indo-European *yewg- (to yoke, harness, join), whence also Proto-Indo-European noun *yugóm that gave Sanskrit युग (yugá).

NounEdit

योग (yógam

  1. the act of yoking, joining, attaching, harnessing, putting to (of horses)
    • RV 10.39.12c
      आ तेन यातं मनसो जवीयसा रथं यं वां रभवश्चक्रुरश्विना |
      यस्य योगे दुहिता जायते दिव उभे अहनीसुदिने विवस्वतः ||
      ā tena yātaṃ manaso javīyasā rathaṃ yaṃ vāṃ ṛbhavaścakruraśvinā |
      yasya yoghe duhitā jāyate diva ubhe ahanīsudine vivasvataḥ ||
      Come on that Chariot which the Rbhus wrought for you, the Chariot, Asvins, that is speedier than thought,
      At harnessing whereof Heaven's Daughter springs to birth, and from Vivasvan come auspicious Night and Day.
  2. yoke, team, vehicle, conveyance
  3. employment, use, application, performance
  4. equipping or arraying (of an army)
  5. fixing (of an arrow on the bow-string)
  6. putting on (of armour)
  7. remedy, cure
  8. means, expedient, device, way, manner, method
  9. supernatural means, charm, incantation, magical art
  10. trick, stratagem, fraud, deceit (compare yoga-nanda)
  11. undertaking, business, work
  12. acquisition, gain, profit, wealth, property
  13. occasion, opportunity
  14. any junction, union, combination, contact with (+instrumental with or without सह (sahá), or compound)
    योगम् (yogam) √ito agree, consent, acquiesce in anything
  15. mixing of various materials, mixture
  16. partaking of, possessing (instrumental or compound)
  17. connection, relation (योगात् (yogāt), योगेन (yógena) and योगतस् (yóga-tas) at the end of a compound: in consequence of, on account of, by reason of, according to, through)
  18. putting together, arrangement, disposition, regular succession
  19. fitting together, fitness, propriety, suitability
    योगेन (yógena) and योगतस् (yóga-tas) — suitably, fitly, duly, in the right manner
  20. exertion, endeavour, zeal, diligence, industry, care, attention
    • योगतस् (yóga-tas) — strenuously, assiduously
    पूर्णेन योगेन (pūrṇena yogena) — with all one's powers, with overflowing zeal
  21. yoga: application or concentration of the thoughts, abstract contemplation, meditation, (especially) self-concentration, abstract meditation and mental abstraction practised as a system
  22. any simple act or rite conducive to yoga or abstract meditation
  23. Yoga personified (as the son of Dharma and Kriya)
  24. a follower of the yoga system
  25. (in samkhya) the union of soul with matter (one of the 10 मूलिकअर्था (mūlika-arthā)s or radical facts)
  26. (with पाशुपत (pāśupata)s) the union of the individual soul with the universal soul
  27. (with पाञ्चरात्र (pāñcarātra)s) devotion, pious seeking after God
  28. (with जैन (jaina)s) contact or mixing with the outer world
  29. (astronomy) conjunction, lucky conjuncture
  30. (astronomy) a constellation, asterism (these, with the moon, are called चान्द्रयोगाः (cāndra-yogāḥ) and are 13 in number; without the moon they are called खयोगाः (kha-yogāḥ), or नाभसयोगाः (nābhasa-yogāḥ))
  31. (astronomy) the leading or principal star of a lunar asterism
  32. (astronomy) name of a variable division of time (during which the joint motion in longitude of the sun and moon amounts to 13 degrees 20 minutes; there are 27 such yogas beginning with विष्कम्भ (viṣkambha) and ending with वैधृति (vaidhṛti))
  33. (arithmetic) addition, sum, total
  34. (grammar) the connection of words together, syntactical dependence of a word, construction (at the end of a compound = dependent on, ruled by)
  35. (grammar) a combined or concentrated grammatical rule or aphorism
  36. the connection of a word with its root, original or etymological meaning (as opposed to रूढि (rūḍhi))
  37. violator of confidence, spy
  38. name of a scholiast or commentator on the परमार्थसार (paramārthasāra)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0856
Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 21:26