familia

See also: Familia and família

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familia.

NounEdit

familia

  1. (taxonomy) A rank in a taxonomic classification, above both genus and species.
  2. (taxonomy) A taxon at this rank.

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familia (family)

NounEdit

familia (plural familiae)

  1. (Roman law) The paterfamilias, his legitimate descendants and their wives, and all persons adopted into his family and their wives.
  2. (historical) A household or religious community under one head, regarded as a unit.

AsturianEdit

 
Asturian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ast

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin familia.

NounEdit

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

Eastern Huasteca NahuatlEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish familia.

NounEdit

familia

  1. family.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From familio (family) +‎ -a (suffix indicating an adjective).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /famiˈlia/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧mi‧li‧a
  • Rhymes: -ia

AdjectiveEdit

familia (accusative singular familian, plural familiaj, accusative plural familiajn)

  1. familial; family (attributively)

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin familia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family

IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Russian фамилия (familija).

NounEdit

familia (genitive familian, partitive familiaa)

  1. surname, last name

InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia (plural familias)

  1. family

LadinEdit

NounEdit

familia f (plural families)

  1. family

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *famulia, from famulus (servant, slave) (with i < u due to l-exilis, i.e. l before i).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia f (genitive familiae); first declension

  1. family (various senses, see usage notes)
    • Vulgate, Gen. 10, 32.
      Hae familiae Noe iuxta populos et nationes suas. Ab his divisae sunt gentes in terra post diluvium.
      These are the families of Noah, according to their peoples and nations. From these are the tribes apportioned in the world after the deluge.
  2. household
    Synonym: domus

Usage notesEdit

According to Richard Saller, “[f]amilia was never used to mean ‘father, mother and children’ in our sense of ‘family’ today. It did have a technical, legal usage akin to ‘family’, but in common parlance most often meant ‘slave staff’, exclusive of the master's family.... The usual word for ‘family’ in the classical period was domus, which carried the general sense of ‘household’ including domestic slaves.” Saller, Richard, Slavery and the Roman Family, in Finley, Moses I., ed., Classical Slavery (London: Frank Cass, cloth 1987 & 2000 (same ed.), reprinted 1999 →ISBN, p. 84.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative familia familiae
Genitive familiae familiārum
Dative familiae familiīs
Accusative familiam familiās
Ablative familiā familiīs
Vocative familia familiae

The older genitive singular familiās is preserved in the term pater familiās and also occurs after filius, mater, and filia.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Borrowings

ReferencesEdit

  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • familia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • familia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • familia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a sect, school of thought: schola, disciplina, familia; secta
    • a theatrical company: familia, grex, caterva histrionum
    • a band, troupe of gladiators under the management of a lanista: familia gladiatoria (Sest. 64. 134)
  • familia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • familia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

LeoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family

ReferencesEdit


MòchenoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian famiglia, from Latin familia (family; household).

NounEdit

familia f

  1. family

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia f (diminutive familijka)

  1. (dated) family
    Synonym: rodzina

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • familia in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • familia in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

familia f (plural familias)

  1. Obsolete spelling of família

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia f

  1. definite singular nominative/accusative of familie

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin familia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

familia f (plural familias)

  1. family (nuclear family)
  2. family (grouping of things possessing common characteristics)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familia.

NounEdit

familia (n class, plural familia)

  1. family
  2. (taxonomy) family