See also: Fri, frí, frî, and -fri

BislamaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English free.

AdjectiveEdit

fri

  1. free; independent

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Cornish frig (nostril); perhaps related to Proto-Celtic *srognā (compare Welsh ffroen (nostril), Old Irish srón (nose)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fri m (plural frioù)

  1. (anatomy) nose

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /friː/, [fʁiːˀ]
  • (Hardsysselsk) IPA(key): [fʁitʃː]
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Rhymes: -iː

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrīen (to marry), from Old Saxon friohon.

VerbEdit

fri (imperative fri, present frier or frir, past friede, past participle friet)

  1. to propose (to ask for one's hand in marriage)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrī.

AdjectiveEdit

fri (neuter frit, plural and definite singular attributive frie, comparative friere, superlative (predicative) friest, superlative (attributive) frieste)

  1. free
  2. vacant, unoccupied
  3. available
Derived termsEdit
  • ufri (constrained, inhibited, not free)

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrīen (to free), from the adjective vri (free).

VerbEdit

fri (imperative fri, present frier or frir, past friede, past participle friet)

  1. to free (to make free)

ReferencesEdit


IrishEdit

PrepositionEdit

fri (plus dative, triggers h-prothesis)

  1. Obsolete form of fré.

Middle IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish fri, from Proto-Celtic *writ- (compare Welsh wrth, prefix gwrth-), from the zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn) (compare Latin versus (against)).

PrepositionEdit

fri (takes accusative)

  1. towards, to
    • c. 1000, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1, published in Irische Teste, vol. 1 (1880), edited by Ernst Windisch:
      Ro·ferad failte friu uile, ocus ructha chuci-sium isin mbruidin.
      They were all made welcome and brought to him in the hall.
      (literally, “A welcome was provided to them all…”)

InflectionEdit

  • Third-person plural accusative: friu

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: fré
  • Manx: rish
  • Scottish Gaelic: ri

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle Low German vrī. Cognates include Danish fri, Swedish fri, German frei, Dutch vrei, English free, and Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (freis)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

fri (neuter singular fritt, definite singular and plural frie, comparative friere, indefinite superlative friest, definite superlative frieste)

  1. free, not imprisoned or enslaved
    en fri manna free man
  2. free, not blocked
    fri ferdselfree traffic
  3. free, no payment necessary
    fri inngangfree admission

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German vrī.[1] Akin to English free.

AdjectiveEdit

fri (neuter singular fritt, definite singular and plural frie, comparative friare, indefinite superlative friast, definite superlative friaste)

  1. free, not imprisoned or enslaved
    ein fri manna free man
  2. free, not blocked
    fri ferdselfree traffic
  3. free, no payment necessary
    fri inngangfree admission
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Low German vrien and Old Norse frjá (to love).[1]

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

fri (present tense frir, past tense fridde, past participle fridd/fritt, passive infinitive friast, present participle friande, imperative fri)

  1. to propose (marriage)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse fría, from fri (Etymology 1).[1]

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

fri (present tense frir, past tense fridde, past participle fridd/fritt, passive infinitive friast, present participle friande, imperative fri)

  1. to free

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “fri” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

AnagramsEdit


Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

AdjectiveEdit

frī

  1. free, unbound

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • frī”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *frī

AdjectiveEdit

fri

  1. free

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

AdjectiveEdit

frī

  1. free

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *writ- (compare Welsh wrth, prefix gwrth-), from the zero grade of Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn) (compare Latin versus (against)).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

fri (takes accusative)

  1. towards, to
  2. against
  3. with
  4. (governing a verbal noun) about to

For quotations using this term, see Citations:fri.

InflectionEdit

Forms combined with the definite article:

Forms combined with the relative particle:

Forms combined with a possessive determiner:

  • frim (first-person singular)
  • frit (second-person singular)
  • fria (third-person singular/plural)

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-West Germanic *frī.

AdjectiveEdit

frī (comparative frīoro, superlative frīost)

  1. free
DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *frijō.

NounEdit

frī f

  1. woman

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old English Grammar (Oxford 1908)

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English fram

PrepositionEdit

fri

  1. (South Scots) from

See alsoEdit


Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English free.

AdjectiveEdit

fri

  1. free

VerbEdit

fri

  1. to set free

NounEdit

fri

  1. freedom

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German vri, from Old Saxon frī.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /friː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

AdjectiveEdit

fri

  1. free, unconstrained
  2. free, not imprisoned, released
    fri mot borgenreleased on bail
  3. free, without obligations
    Du är fri att göra som du vill.
    You are free to do as you please.
  4. free of charge, gratis

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of fri
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fri friare friast
Neuter singular fritt friare friast
Plural fria friare friast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 frie friare friaste
All fria friare friaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fri

  1. Soft mutation of bri.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bri fri mri unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.